Besides South Korea and Japan, the other East Asian powerhouse that will often come up in conversations is none other than China. For that reason, among many others, we’re adding how to say the word ‘China’ to your expanding list of Korean vocabulary!
Keep reading and you’ll finally learn how to say ‘China’ in Korean. Are you ready to learn a new word today? If so, then let’s go!
‘China’ in Korean
So, how to say ‘China’ in Korean? The word to use is 중국 (jungguk). You may not think it is easy to learn and memorize at first, but it’s used by Koreans so much that if you live in the country, it’ll get stuck in your memory in no time. If you need help on a mnemonic, just imagine that to pay the bills in “June” you decide to work as a “cook”. At what kind of restaurant? A Chinese restaurant of course!
A ‘Chinese person’ is referred to as 중국인 (jungkukin) or 중국 사람 (jungkuk saram) and ‘Chinese language’ is 중국어 (jungkukeo) in Korean.
베이징 (beijing) – Beijing
북경 (bukgyeong) – Peking*
상하이 (sanghai) – Shanghai
상해 (sanghae) – Shanghai
홍콩 (hongkhong) – Hong Kong
*this is the more common way to refer to China’s capital among Koreans
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A word of caution about Romanization
While it is possible for you to study the words in this article simply by reading their romanized versions, it will come in handy for you to be able to read Hangeul if you ever wish to come to Korea. Hangeul is the Korean alphabet, and not difficult to learn. In fact, you can learn it in just 90 minutes.
After you’ve familiarized yourself with Hangeul, life in Korea will suddenly seem so much easier and the country won’t appear so foreign for you. So, if you’re serious about learning Korean, why not learn Hangeul today?
중국에서 왔다고 하셨어요? (jungkukeseo wattago hasyeosseoyo?)
Did you say you come from China?
중국으로 여행갈때 어디어디 가봐야해요? (jungkukeuro yeohaengalddae eodieodi gabwayahaeyo?)
When one travels in China, where should they visit?
다음에 중국어를 배우고 싶어요. (daeume jungkukeoreul baeugo shipeoyo)
Next I want to learn Chinese.
내 제일 친한 친구는 중국사람이야. (nae jeil chinhan chinguneun jungkuksaramiya)
My best friend is Chinese.
And now you know how to say ‘China’ in Korean! It is good to note than in the Korean language, most countries, their citizens, and their language, is marked with the same suffix. In other words, learn the name of the country, and then you can just add -인 (-in) or -사람 (-saram) to turn the word into describing someone’s nationality, or if you add -어 (-eo) or -말 (-mal), you can turn the word into describing the language.
What other word would you like us to teach you? Let us know in the comments below!
Want more Korean phrases? Click here for a complete list!
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