If you want to know more about the colors in Korean, then you came to the right place! Whatever your favorite color is, we’ll teach you the words you need to know.
Here is a list of some common colors in Korean:
- Purple – 보라색 – borasaek
- Blue – 파란색 – paransaek
- Orange – 주황색 – juhwangsaek
- Yellow – 노란색 – noransaek
- Black – 검정색 – geomjeongsaek
- Grey – 회색 – hoesaek
- Red – 빨간색 – ppalgansaek
- White – 하얀색 – hayansaek
- Green – 초록색 – choroksaek
- Brown – 갈색 – galsaek
- Pink – 분홍색 – bunhongsaek
In addition to the different color words in Korean, we’re going to cover some examples and special uses that you’ll definitely want to know. These situations appear in Korean language, culture, music, and everyday life all the time.
Learn a few color words, and you’ll be recognizing and using Korean more than you might expect!
Are you ready to brighten your day with Korean colors? Let’s continue on!
Here is a free PDF guide that you can download to help you learn Korean:
In this lesson, we’ll explain the words and phrases using both Hangeul (Korean Alphabet) and in romanized English. If you don’t know Hangeul, you can get a free guide here and learn how to read in less than 1 hour.
List of Colors in Korean
Below is a list of all colors in Hangul. The list contains various shades of Korean color words.
|Colors in English||Colors in Korean|
|blue-green or blue-navy|
How to Pronounce the Colors in Korean
Here is how to pronounce the colors in Korean using Hangeul. The Hangeul in brackets is the way to pronounce the colors.
|Colors in English||Colors in Korean||Hanegul Pronunciation|
|blue-green or blue-navy||[청녹쌕]|
|soft color||[부드러운 색]|
|vivid color||[선명한 색]|
|dark color||[어두운 색]|
|light color||[발근 색]|
|pastel color||[파스텔 톤의 색]|
The reason that some of the colors are pronounced differently than they are spelled is because of the special Korean pronunciation rules. Knowing these rules will make it easier to learn Korean.
How to Use the Colors in Korean
You can use the above colors in Korean as nouns or as adjectives.
빨간색 좋아해요 (ppalgansaek joahaeyo)
I like the color red.
빨간색 자전거 좋아해요 (ppalgansaek jajeongeo joahaeyo)
I like red bicycles.
Although 빨간색 (ppalgansaek) is a noun in the second example, it acts as an adjective, describing the color of bicycles.
This is how you’ll commonly see colors in Korean used, and is a great way to start learning them. It’s simple and gives you lots of ways to use the various colors.
Special Korean Colors
There are 5 special color words in Korean that you may see different forms of. We’re going to cover them below.
Before we get into that, remember that you can still use the Korean colors above. That’s the simplest way to start, and what we recommend. The next part is helpful because you’re going to see these other color words, so it’s better to know why they appear in that form.
Also it’ll give you some additional ways to use the colors in Korean.
The five words below are descriptive verbs (adjectives) that have base forms. Here are the base forms, as well as the adjective form when it’s placed in front of a noun.
|Verbs (adjectives) in Korean||Base forms in Korean||English|
As you may know from Korean grammar and conjugation rules, adjectives can come before a noun, or at the end of a sentence.
1. 빨간 자전거 좋아해요 (ppalgan jajeongeo joahaeyo)
I like red bicycles
2. 자전거 빨개요 (jajeongeo ppalgaeyo)
The bicycle is red
3. 자전거 빨간색이에요 (jajeongeo ppalgansaegieyo)
The bicycle is red
In the first example, we’re using the descriptive verb (adjective) 빨갛다 (ppalgata) in front of the noun that it’s modifying (the bicycle).
In the second example, the 빨갛다 (ppalgata) is conjugated as the main descriptive verb (adjective) of the sentence. It’s describing the bicycle’s color.
In the third example, we’re using 빨갛다 (ppalgata) in its noun form, along with the verb 이다 (ida | to be).
Korean Color Adjectives vs. Nouns
Most of the words for the colors in Korean aren’t going to have the descriptive verb (adjective) base form. Instead, you’ll just use noun + 색 (saek). Let’s take the color word 초록색 (choroksaek) for “green”. Since you won’t be using it as the main conjugated descriptive verb of the sentence, you’ll only use it for cases 1 and 3 above.
초록색 자전거 좋아해요 (choroksaekjajeongeo joahaeyo)
I like green bicycles
자전거 초록색이에요 (jajeongeo choroksaegieyo)
The bicycle is green
In other words, the word for “red” in Korean changes based on how it’s used. In the Korean language, these words exist in their basic adjective verb form, which is -ㅎ다. In use, is -ㅎ다 (-ㅎ da) is replaced by -ㄴ. The color words that continue to use 색 (saek) do not have such a form.
If you want to describe something to be a specific color, you can attach 색 (saek) with the 이다 (ida) verb. To illustrate clearly how the color words work in sentences, check out some examples below.
How to Say “Color” in Korean
The word for “color” in Korean is 색깔 (saekkkal).
You can often get by just by referring to color as 색 (saek), but it does slightly depend on the context.
If you look up the word “color” in the dictionary, you may also come across the Konglish word 컬러 (kheolleo | color). You’ll be understood if you use this word, but our advice would be to use 색 (saek) instead. The word “color” also occasionally translates to 빛깔 (bitkkal) in Korean.
You’ve now learned that the word for “color” in Korean is 색 (saek). When naming a color in its basic form, you’ll add the word 색 (saek) after the color. It’s important to know 색 (saek) so you can use it with the Korean colors. Let’s learn its use with the vocabulary below.
How to Say White in Korean
The two common ways to say the color white in Korean are 하얀색 (hyayansaek) and 흰색 (huinsaek). You can use them interchangeably. If you want to describe something as white, you can put those words before a noun.
햐얀색 말 (hyayansaek mal)
a white horse
흰색 말 (huinsaek mal)
a white horse
How to Say Black in Korean
There are a few different ways to say the color black in Korean. You can use 검정색 (geomjeongsaek jadongcha), 검은색 (geomeunsaek), or 까만색 (kkamansaek). They all mean the color black, so you can use any of them.
To describe something as black, you can use any of those three words in front of a noun. For example, you could say the following to talk about a car:
검정색 자동차 (geomjeongsaek jadongcha)
a black car
검은색 자동차 (geomeunsaek jadongcha)
a black car
까만색 자동차 (kkamansaek jadongcha)
a black car
How to Say Blue in Korean
The two most common ways of saying the color blue in Korean are 파란색 (paransaek) and 푸른색 (pureunsaek). You can also say 하늘색 (haneulsaek) for sky blue.
파란색 하늘 (paransaek haneul)
a blue sky
푸른색 하늘 (pureunsaek haneul)
a blue sky
하늘색 하늘 (haneulsaek haneul)
a sky blue sky
Here are several example sentences using the colors in Korean. The color words are used in different ways to give you some variety and practice.
오늘 내 하얀 드레스를 입을 거예요. (oneul nae hayan deureseureul ibeulgeoeyo)
I will wear my white dress today.
그 보라색 가방이 제꺼예요. (geu borasaek gabangi jekkeoeyo)
That purple bag is mine.
제가 제일 좋아하는 색은 노란색이에요. (jega jeil joahaneun saegeun noransaegieyo)
My favorite color is yellow.
제일 좋아하는 색은 뭐예요? (jeil johahaneun saekeun mwoyeyo?)
What’s your favorite color?
그녀는 검정색 옷만 입어요. (geunyeoneun geomjeongsaek otman ibeoyo.)
That girl only wears black clothes.
다음에 내 머리를 무슨 색깔로 염색할까? (daeume nae meorireul museun saekkkallo yeomsaekhalkka?)
Which color should I dye my hair next?
내 새로운 자동차는 파란색이야. (nae saeroun jadongchaneun pharansaekiya.)
My new car is blue.
You may want to use these example sentences using the colors in Korean along with common Korean phrases. The sentences will help you learn Korean since you will get to know other parts of Korean grammar, such as Korean particles and markers.
We hope we managed to pleasantly surprise you with this lesson, and you learned many new things about the Korean colors! Now it’s time to try your newfound color skills to help you learn Korean.
So, tell us: What are your favorite colors in Korean? Are they blue and red? Brown, green, and orange? Or maybe you like gray and pink! Let us know in the comments below, and try to use the colors in Korean to make a sentence if you can!