Countries in Korean – The Complete List of Country Names

Last Updated on January 14, 2022 by 90 Day Korean
Globe in front of the world map

In this free lesson, we will cover the complete list of countries in Korean.

This list of country names will be extremely valuable when learning the Korean language. If you plan to have conversations in Korean or just learn the language for fun, you will for sure be asked about where you are from.

Globe in front of the world map

Here is a free PDF guide of these country lists that you can download and take with you:

How to Use this List of Country Names

We’ve already learned how to introduce yourself in Korean. And as you may know, through that lesson and your other international experiences, where you come from is often part of the introduction process.

The next time you get asked, you will easily tell your new Korean friends where you’re from in their language. And you’ll also be able to understand when your other international friends tell you in Korean where they’re from!

Map of the Globe

We’ve divided the countries into categories based on the continent. They are listed in alphabetical order in English, with the Korean words next to them.

Language in Korean

The Korean word for “language” is 언어 (eoneo). However, if you’re talking about a specific language, you can learn how to say them below.

Languages in Korean

In many cases, you can express the languages of these countries by adding an 어 (eo) to the end of the country names.

For example, the word for Japan is 일본 (ilbon). If you are learning the Japanese language, you are learning 일본어 (ilboneo).

Flags of countries around the world

Korea is 한국 (hanguk). If you are learning the Korean language, you’re learning 한국어 (hangugeo). China is 중국 (jungguk), and the Chinese language is 중국어 (junggugeo).

This works in many cases, but not for every country and language.

Nationality in Korean

The word for “nationality” in Korean is 국적 (gukjeok). Knowing this word is important when you’re filling out an official document in Korea. You can write your country name in that section. 

Nationalities in Korean

If you’re talking about your nationality, you can simply add 사람 (saram) to your country name. The word 사람 (saram) means “person.” 

If you wanted to say Korean person, you would say the country name and add 사람 (saram).  

For example, the Korean word for “Korean” as nationality is 한국 사람 (hanguk saram). This word is a combination of Korea which is 한국 (hanguk) in Korean, and 사람 (saram). 

Country Names in Korean

We’ve listed down the different country names in Korean grouped under their respective continents. Try looking for your home country in the list below and learn how to say it in Korean.

Europe (유럽)

The word for “Europe” in Korean is 유럽 (yureop). Quite easy to remember as they sound the same, right?

Here are the European country names in Korean. Some of the words in Korean may sound like the country name, and others may not.

EnglishKorean
Albania (albania)
Andorra(andora)
Armenia (areumenia)
Austria (oseuteuria)
Azerbaijan (ajereubaijan)
Belarus (bellaruseu)
Belgium (belgie)
Bosnia and Herzegovina (boseunia hereuchegobina)
Bulgaria (bulgaria)
Croatia (keuroatia)
Cyprus (kipeuroseu)
Czech Republic (cheko)
Denmark (denmakeu)
Estonia (eseutonia)
Finland (pillandeu)
France (peurangseu)
Georgia (geurujia)
Germany (dogil)
Greece (geuriseu)
Hungary (heonggari)
Iceland (aiseullandeu)
Ireland (aillaendeu)
Italy (itallia)
Kazakhstan (kajaheuseutan)
Latvia (rateubia)
Liechtenstein (rihitensyutain)
Lithuania (rituania)
Luxembourg (ruksembureukeu)
Malta (molta)
Moldova (moldoba)
Monaco (monako)
Montenegro (montenegeuro)
Netherlands (nedeollandeu)
North Macedonia (makedonia gonghwaguk)
Norway (noreuwei)
Poland (pollandeu)
Portugal (poreutugal)
Romania (rumania)
Russia (reosia)
San Marino (sanmarino)
Serbia (sereubia)
Slovakia (seullobakia)
Slovenia (seullobenia)
Spain (seupein)
Sweden (seuweden)
Switzerland (seuwiseu)
Turkey (teoki)
Ukraine (ukeuraina)
United Kingdom (yeongguk)

Germany in Korean

The country Germany is expressed as 독일 (dogil) in Korean. Germans are called as 독일인 (dogilin) or 독일 사람 (dogil saram). There are two words used for the German language which are 독일어 (dogileo) or 독일의 국어 (dogileui gukeo).

France in Korean

프랑스 (peurangseu) is the word used to talk about the country, France. The word French is used for people and the language used in France. In Korean, 프랑스인 (peurangseuin) is used for French people, and 프랑스어 (peurangseueo) is for the French language.

Asia (아시아)

The word for “Asia” in Korean is still 아시아 (asia). Here is a list of the Asian country names in Korean.

EnglishKorean
Afghanistan (apeuganiseutan)
Bahrain (barein)
Bangladesh (banggeulladesi)
Bhutan (butan)
Brunei (beurunai)
Cambodia (kambodia)
China (jungguk)
India (indo)
Indonesia (indonesia)
Iran (iran)
Iraq (irakeu)
Israel (iseurael)
Jordan (yoreudan)
Japan (ilbon)
Kuwait (kuweiteu)
Kyrgyzstan (kireugiseuseutan)
Laos (raoseu)
Lebanon (rebanon)
Malaysia (mallesia)
Maldives (moldibeu)
Mongolia (monggol)
Myanmar (miyanma)
Nepal (nepal)
North Korea (bukan)
Oman (oman)
Pakistan (pakiseutan)
Palestine (palleseutain)
Philippines (pillipin)
Qatar (katareu)
Saudi Arabia (saudiarabia)
Singapore (singgaporeu)
South Korea (daehanminguk)
Sri Lanka (seurirangka)
Syria (siria)
Taiwan (daeman)
Tajikistan (tajikiseutan)
Thailand (taeguk)
Turkmenistan (tureukeumeniseutan)
United Arab Emirates (UAE) (arabemiriteu)
Uzbekistan (ujeubekiseutan)
Vietnam (beteunam)
Yemen (yemen)

Korea in Korean

Korea is 한국 (hanguk) in the Korean language. Specifically, South Korea in Korean is 대한민국 (daehanminguk) while the Democratic People’s Republic or North Korea is called 북한 (bukan). The people and the language are both called Korean in English. However, there are different Korean words for both.

The people are called 한국인 (hangukin) and 한국 사람 (hanguk saram) while the language is called 한국어 (hangukeo).

China in Korean

중국 (jungguk) is the Korean word for China. Chinese people are called 중국인 (junggukin) or 중국 사람 (jungguk saram),  and Chinese language is called 중국어 (junggukeo).

Japan in Korean

The country Japan is called 일본 (ilbon) in Korean. Japanese people are called 일본인 (ilbonin) or 일본 사람 (ilbon saram), and the language is 일본어 (ilboneo).

Get “Countries in Korean” Free PDF Guide

Africa (아프리카)

The Korean word for “Africa” is 아프리카 (apeurika). Here are the African country names in Korean.

EnglishKorean
Algeria (aljeri)
Angola (anggolla)
Benin (benaeng)
Botswana (bocheuwana)
Burkina Faso (bureukinapaso)
Burundi (burundi)
Cabo Verde (kabobereude)
Cameroon (kamerun)
Central African Republic (jungangapeurika gonghwaguk)
Chad (chadeu)
Comoros (komoro)
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (konggo minju gonghwaguk)
Congo, Republic of the (konggo gonghwaguk)
Cote d’Ivoire (koteudibuareu)
Djibouti (jibuti)
Egypt (ijipteu)
Equatorial Guinea (jeokdo gini)
Eritrea (eriteurea)
Ethiopia (etiopia)
Gabon (gabong)
Gambia (gambia)
Ghana (gana)
Guinea (gini)
Guinea-Bissau (ginibisau)
Kenya (kenya)
Lesotho (resoto)
Liberia (raiberia)
Libya (ribia)
Madagascar (madagaseukareu)
Malawi
(mallawi)
Mali (malli)
Mauritania (moritani)
Mauritius (morisyeoseu)
Morocco (moroko)
Mozambique (mojambikeu)
Namibia (namibia)
Niger (nijereu)
Nigeria (naijiria)
Rwanda (reuwanda)
Sao Tome and Principe (sangtumepeurinsipe)
Senegal (senegal)
Seychelles (seisyel)
Sierra Leone (sierareon)
Somalia (somallia)
South Africa (namapeurika gonghwaguk)
South Sudan (namsudan)
Sudan (sudan)
Tanzania (tanjania)
Togo (togo)
Tunisia (twiniji)
Uganda (uganda)
Zambia (jambia)
Zimbabwe (jimbabeuwe)

Americas (아메리카)

For this continent, you can say it as 아메리카 (amerika) in Korean.

Here is how you say the country names of North, Central, and South America in Korean.

EnglishKorean
Antigua and Barbuda (aentigababuda)
Argentina (areuhentina)
Bahamas (bahama)
Barbados (babeidoseu)
Belize (bellijeu)
Bolivia (bollibia)
Brazil (beurajil)
Canada (kaenada)
Chile (chille)
Colombia (kollombia)
Costa Rica (koseutarika)
Cuba (kuba)
Dominica (dominika)
Dominican Republic
(dominika gonghwaguk)
Ecuador (ekwadoreu)
El Salvador (elsalbadoreu)
Grenada (geurenada)
Guatemala (gwatemalla)
Guyana (gaiana)
Haiti (aiti)
Honduras (onduraseu)
Jamaica (jameika)
Mexico (meksiko)
Nicaragua (nikaragwa)
Panama
(panama)
Paraguay (paragwai)
Peru (peru)
Saint Kitts and Nevis (seinteukicheunebiseu)
Saint Lucia (seinteurusia)
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (seinteubinsenteugeurenadin)
Suriname (surinam)
Trinidad and Tobago (teurinidadeutobago)
Uruguay (urugwai)
United States (miguk)
Venezuela (benesuella)

USA in Korean

USA is expressed as 미국 (miguk) in Korean. Americans are called 미국인 (migukin) or 미국 사람 (miguk saram). The language used in USA is English which is expressed as 영어 (yeongeo), but if you want to say American English, you can say it as 미국 영어 (miguk yeongeo).

Oceania (오세아니아)

You can say “Oceania” in Korean as 오세아니아 (oseania).

Here are the country names of Oceania in Korean. Note that some names may be said in two different ways. For example, Australia can be 호주 (hoju) or 오스트레일리아 (oseuteureillia).

The former is the original Korean version, which is used most of the time. The latter is the spelling of the English translation in Korean letters. You are free to use either one.

EnglishKorean
Australia (hoju)
Cook Islands (kuk jedo)
Kiribati (kiribasi)
Marshall Islands (masyeoljedo)
Micronesia (mikeuronesia)
Nauru (nauru)
New Zealand (nyujillaendeu)
Niue (niue seom)
Palau (pallau)
Papua New Guinea (papuanyugini)
Samoa (samoa)
Solomon Islands (sollomonjedo)
Tonga (tongga)
Tuvalu (tuballu)
Vanuatu (banuatu)

Australia in Korean

You can say Australia in 2 ways, which are 호주 (hoju) or 오스트레일리아 (oseuteureillia). Australians are called 오스트레일리아 사람 (oseuteureillia saram).

Now you know the correct vocabulary for the various country names in Korean. These words are a foundational part of the language, so get used to hearing and speaking them. Before we finish off, here are the other common words related to countries in Korean.

World in Korean

You can say “world” in Korean as 세계 (segye).

Country in Korean

Country in Korean is 나라 (nara). However, there’s also another Korean word for “country,” which is discussed in a separate article.

Studying the names of each country in Korean is a great and fun way to learn Korean. To boost your vocabulary, we have a list of common English words translated to Korean here.

If your country is missing us from the list of country names in Korean, let us know, and we will help you. Otherwise, tell us in the comments where you’re from – in Korean! We’d love to know where on the globe you are at.

    33 replies to "Countries in Korean – The Complete List of Country Names"

    • Avatar for cat cat

      thank you so much! this is a really great website, it has helped me to learn so much more about South Korea! I really want to move there and i am looking for a starter job as a food delivery driver (a scooter driver) but they don’t have many job opening do you know of any more available scooter food delivery jobs in South Korea? You are all really helpful and thanks to you i know so much about korean traditions!!

      • Avatar for 90 Day Korean 90 Day Korean

        Awesome! It’s our pleasure. We’re glad that it has been valuable to you. ^^

    • Avatar for Tamar Tamar

      이스라엘
      For adding the voice to the word, thank you very much. it really helps

      • Avatar for 90 Day Korean 90 Day Korean

        Awesome! It’s our pleasure. We’re glad that it has been valuable to you. ^^

    • Avatar for Glenn Glenn

      The word for United Kingdom is not, as you write, 영국 (yeongguk). That is the word for England. By putting England for United Kingdom you are insulting the Scots, Irish and Welsh. Please change this to the correct phrase , which I believe is – 연합 왕국.
      Thank you for your kind attention.

    • Avatar for Michael William Earith Michael William Earith

      I am trying to find a site where it is possible to get free downloads of Korean Character Fonts which you can type a roman letter and corresponds by showing the letter in a Korean Character. I cannot find anything in DAFONT.

      Does anyone know of one?

      • Avatar for 연 혜 연 혜

        Hi Michael,

        Good day!

        I don’t think there is any since there are no exact equivalent Hangul characters in the Roman alphabet. And if there would be one, it would be very tricky to use. But phonetics would be very useful.

        Let’s say you want to type Gamsahamnida, it would be spelled in Hangeul as 감사합냐다. If you notice, the M in Gam is ㅁ, however, the M in Ham is using ㅂ. But if you want to, the Korean writing system is fairly easy to learn. I’m sure you can learn it in an hour (but of course, mastery would take a while). And then maybe you can download a Hangeul keyboard and take the character substitutions from there. Hope this helps!

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