Learning the days of the week in Korean is a great way to start your vocabulary study in the language. You’ll use the Korean days of the week often, especially if you’re living in Korea or are interested in Korean culture.
Maybe you’re making an appointment with friends in Korea. Or perhaps you’re planning to make a reservation for a table at a restaurant, a room in a hotel, or tickets for a plane during the week. You’ll need to know how to say weekdays in Korean for these situations, too.
It’ll be good to know the days of the week in Korean for casual conversation. Once you know then, you’ll be able to explain past, current or upcoming events in your life. Or perhaps you can easily take note of the Korean history, the public holidays, or a national holiday like Hangeul Day.
Let’s get to it!
Below is a free PDF guide that you can download and take with you:
Days of the Week in Korean
Below are the words for the days of the week in Korean. If you can’t read the Korean Alphabet yet, head over here for a free guide that will teach you Hangul before your next meal.
Note that the pronunciation of Monday is a bit challenging because of the bottom ㄹ in the first syllable. You may want to practice that one a few times.
Here is how you say the Korean days of the week. Click the Korean word to hear the pronunciation.
|Days of the Week in English||Days of the Week in Korean|
How to Remember the Days of the Week in Korean
As you may have guessed already, the word 일 (il) means “day” in Korean. Many Korean words in the language follow patterns like this, just like in English. It’s helpful to pay attention to them as you learn Korean. Similarly, 요일 (yoil) also translates as “day”, specifically when used to denote the days of the week.
South Korea uses the gregorian calendar which majority of the world uses. So, if you already know the days of the week, and once you get used to the pattern, it shouldn’t be too difficult for you to learn or memorize the days of the week in the Korean language. You can use this pattern to learn the colors in Korean as well.
Below, we’ll go over sample sentences for each one just to increase the amount of times your brains will have seen each word.
The Meaning of the Days of the Week in Korean
Did you know that the days of the week each have a special meaning in Korean?
Depending on how familiar you are already with Korean, you may have noticed these words. Let’s go over the meaning of the first syllable for each of the days of the week in Korean:
|English Days of the Week||Korean Days of the Week||Meaning|
|Monday||월 (wol) means "moon"|
|Tuesday||화 (hwa) means "fire"|
|Wednesday||수 (su) means "water"|
|Thursday||목 (mok) means "wood"|
|Friday||금 (geum) means "gold"|
|Saturday||토 (to) means "soil"|
|Sunday||일 (il) means "day"|
These meanings might help you make some associations so you can more easily remember the Korean days of the week:
Monday 월요일 (wollyoil)
The first 월 (wol) in Monday means “moon”. 월 (wol) and is also used as the nominator for each month in Korean.
Tuesday 화요일 (hwayoil)
The syllable 화 (hwa) means “fire”. It is shortened from the word meaning “fire” and “blaze” in Korean, which is 화재 (hwajae).
Wednesday 수요일 (suyoil)
수 (su) means “water.” You can see it for example in Korean words such as 수영 (suyeong) which means “swimming” and 생수 (saengsu) which means “drinking water”.
Thursday 목요일 (mongnyoil)
목 (mok) means “wood”. The word 목재 (mokjae) means “lumber” or “timber”.
Friday 금요일 (geumyoil)
금 (geum) means “gold” and it is also popular to refer to Friday nights as 불금 (bulgeum) which translates to “Fire Friday” as 불 (bul) means “flame”. 불금 (bulgeum) is a popular Korean slang term, similar to TGIF in English.
Saturday 토요일 (toyoil)
토 (to) means “soil”. You can apply the same “Fire Friday” slang to Saturday as well. To say “Fire Saturday”, you can say 불토 (bulto).
Sunday 일요일 (illyoil)
일 (il) means “day” but can also mean “sun”.
All of these words are based on the hanja character writing system, which originated from China.
Words Related to the Days of the Week
You may find these related words helpful:
평일 (pyeongil) = weekday
주중 (jujung) = weekdays
주말 (jumal) = weekend
Korean Days of the Week Sample Sentences
Here are some examples using the days of the week in Korean. Each sample sentence uses standard Korean. You can use them in most situations, they’re considered polite. These are excellent examples to help you learn Korean grammar and Korean sentence structure.
1. 월요일 마다 한국어수업에 다녀요 (wollyoil mada hangugeosueobe danyeoyo)
I attend a Korean class every Monday
2. 화요일 저녁에 만날까요? (hwayoil jeonyeoge mannalkkayo?)
Shall we meet on Tuesday evening?
3. 이번주 수요일에 가족과 함께 여행가요 (ibeonju suyoire gajokgwa hamkke yeohaenggayo)
I will go on a trip with my family this Wednesday
4. 목요일에 콘서트를 보려고 해요 (mongnyoire konseoteureul boryeogo haeyo)
I intend to see a concert on Thursday
5. 금요일에 뭘 할거에요? (geumyoire mwol halgeoeyo?)
What will you do on Friday?
6. 오늘 토요일 이죠? (oneul toyoil ijyo?)
Today is Saturday, right?
7. 일요일이라서 하루종일 쉬고싶어요 (illyoiriraseo harujongil swigosipeoyo)
It’s Sunday so I just want to take a rest all day
Now that you’ve learned the days of the week in Korean in this lesson, it is a great time to go out and practice your new knowledge! This will be especially helpful for you if you’re in South Korea. Head over here for the how-to guide for learning Korean. It contains things like essential Korean words you should learn first, everyday Korean phrases, and how to learn Korean numbers.
What is your favorite day of the week is in the Korean language? Let us know in the comments below!