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Learning the days of the week in Korean is a great way to start your vocabulary study in the language. You’ll use the days of the week in Korean for so often that they’re indispensable to know!
Maybe you’re making an appointment, or maybe you’re planning to make a reservation for a table at a restaurant, or a room in a hotel, or tickets for a plane during the week – you’ll need to know how to say weekdays in Korean for this, too. On occasion it’ll be good to know the days of the week just to explain past, current or upcoming events in your life to whoever you’re conversing with.
Let’s cover the days in Korean.
Days of the Week in Korean
월요일 (wolyoil)= Monday
화요일 (hwayoil)= Tuesday
수요일 (suyoil)= Wednesday
목요일 (mogyoil)= Thursday
금요일 (geumyoil)= Friday
토요일 (thoyoil)= Saturday
일요일 (iryoil)= Sunday
As you may have guessed already, the word 일 (il) means “day” in Korean. Many Korean words in the language follow patterns like this, just like in English, so it’s helpful to pay attention to them as you learn Korean. Similarly, 요일 (yoil) also translates as “day”, specifically when used to denote the days of the week.
Once you get used to the pattern, it shouldn’t be too difficult for you to learn or memorize them. Let’s go over a sample sentence for each one just to increase the amount of times your brains will have seen each word.
Korean Days of the Week Sample Sentences
These sample sentences use Standard Korean. You can use them in most situations, they’re considered polite.
1. 월요일마다 한국어수업에 다녀요 → I attend a Korean class every Monday
(wolyoilmada hangugeosueobe danyeoyo)
2. 화요일 저녁에 만날까요? → Shall we meet on Tuesday evening?
3. 이번주 수요일에 가족과 함께 여행가요 → I will go on a trip with my family this Wednesday
(ibeonju suyoire gajokgwa hamkke yeohaenggayo)
4. 목요일 에 콘서트를 보려고 해요 → I intend to see a concert on Thursday
(mongnyoire konseoteureul boryeogo haeyo)
5. 금요일 에 뭘 할거에요? → What will you do on Friday?
(geumyoire mwol halgeoeyo?)
6. 오늘 토요일 이지요? → Today is Saturday, right?
7. 일요일이라서 하루종일 쉬고싶어요 → It’s Sunday so I just want to take a rest all day
(illyoiriraseo harujongil swigosipeoyo)
Did you also know that each day of the week has a special meaning in Korean?
Depending on how familiar you are already with Korean, you may have noticed these words, but let’s go over them together once more.
월 (wol) means “moon” (and is also used as the nominator for each month in Korean).
화 (hwa) means “fire” – shortened from the word meaning “fire” and “blaze” in Korean, which is 화재 (hwajae).
수 (su) means “water” and you can see it for example in words such as 수영 (suyeong) which means “swimming”.
목 (mok) means “wood”. 금 (geum) means “gold” and it is also popular to refer to Friday nights as 불금 (bulgeum) which translates to “Fire Friday” as 불 (bul) means “flame”.
토 (tho) means “soil” and, as already mentioned, 일 (il) means “day” but can also mean “sun”.
All of these words are based on the hanja character writing system, which originated from China.
Now that you've learned the days of the week in Korean in this lesson, it is a great time to go out and practice your new knowledge! If you want to learn more great Korean we have tons of great posts and articles to choose from.
Let us know in the comments what you hope to learn with us next!