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Korean counters are essential in using numbers in everyday life! These magical counting words help us talk about things like slices of pizza to share evenly with your group of friends or the number of apples you want to buy at the market.
In this lesson, we’ll show you how to use the most essential counters for Korean language learning.
|Korean Counting Word||Meaning|
|개 (gae)||a general counter for items and units|
|명(myeong)||a counter for people|
|사람 (saram)||a counter for people|
|분 (bun)||a counter for people|
|마리 (mari)||a counter for animals|
|조각 (jogak)||a counter for slices|
|장 (jang)||a counter for pieces of paper|
|권 (gwon)||a counter for books and notebooks|
|병 (byeong)||a counter for bottles|
|대 (dae)||a counter for cars and machines|
|채 (chae)||a counter for houses and buildings|
|그루 (geuru)||a counter for trees|
|벌 (beol)||a counter for clothes|
|켤레 (kyeolle)||a counter for pairs of shoes|
|가지 (gaji)||a counter for kinds, varieties, sorts|
|군데 (gunde)||a counter for places|
|번 (beon)||a counter for times|
|일 (il)||a counter for days|
|월 (wol)||a counter for months|
|개월 (gaewol)||a counter for duration of months|
|년 (nyeon)||a counter for years|
|분 (bun)||a counter for minutes|
|초 (cho)||a counter for seconds|
|층 (cheung)||a counter for floors in a building|
|킬로그램 (killogeuraem)||a counter for kilograms|
|미터 (miteo)||a counter for meters|
|원 (won)||a counter for Korean won (Korean currency)|
|시 (si)||a counter for time|
|시간 (sigan)||a counter for duration in hours|
|주일 (juil)||a counter for weeks|
|주간 (jugan)||a counter for weeks|
|달 (dal)||a counter for duration in months|
|해 (hae)||a counter for years|
|살 (sal)||a counter for age|
|그릇 (geureut)||a counter for a bowl of something|
Below, we’ll show you how to use these counters along with Korean numbers. We’ll also give you some examples of Korean numbers and counting words in every day conversations.
The Korean Number Systems
If you know the Korean numbers systems already, then continue on!
How to Use Counters
Most of the item counters in Korean language are accompanied by the native Native Korean number system. When using counters with Korean numbers, the order is to use the object or item + number + Korean counting word. You would put a space between the words.
For example, if you were going to talk about 1 slice of pizza, you would say:
item + number + counter
피자 한 조각 (pija han jogak)
1 slice of pizza
When using counters with the Sino-Korean number system (China System), then you usually wouldn’t use the item word. The order would be number + counter.
For example, to talk about 5 minutes, you’d say:
number + counter
오 분 (o bun)
Writing Numbers vs. Number Words with Counters
You can use the number or the number word for counters. Typically the number word is used for the Native Korean number system.
More common way of writing Korean numbers with counters:
피자 한 조각 (pija han jogak)
one slice of pizza
Less common way of writing Korean numbers with counters:
피자 1조각 (pija han jogak)
one slice of pizza
With the Sino-Korean number system (China system), you can use either the numeral or the word version of the Korean numbers.
오 분 (o bun)
Common way of writing Korean numbers with the Sino-Korean system
5분 (o bun)
Also a common way of writing Korean numbers with the Sino-Korean system
Note that when writing Korean numbers, there is no space between the number and the counting word. When using Korean numbers written out as words, there is a space between the number word and the counter.
Most Common Counters and Numbers
It can be confusing when trying to figure out which counter and number system to use. If in doubt, use 개 (gae), which is a general counter used for various items and things. With that counter, you would use the Native Korean numbers system.
Let’s say you’re talking about oranges. We’ll use the Korean numbers one, two, and three.
오랜지 한 개 (oraenji han gae)
오랜지 두 개 (oraenji du gae)
오랜지 세 개 (oraenji se gae)
You can easily plug in 명 people with the above examples, which is another common Korean counting word:
사람 한 명 (saram han myeong)
사람 두 명 (saram du myeong)
사람 세 명 (saram se myeong)
List of item counters with native Korean numbers
The examples below are written in Hangeul (Korean Alphabet) and romanized English. Knowing Hangeul will help with pronunciation and with understanding the sample sentences.
If you can’t read the Korean alphabet yet, go here for a simple guide on how to read in about 1 hour: https://www.90daykorean.com/how-to-learn-the-korean-alphabet/.
개 (gae) → a general counter for items and units
바나나 다섯 개와 사과 여섯 개 주세요 (banana daseotgaewa sagwa yeoseotgae juseyo)
Five bananas and six apples, please
살 (sal) → a counter for age
저는 29 살이에요. (jeoneun seumurahop sarieyo.)
I am twenty-nine years old.
명(myeong) → a counter for people
내일 여섯 명 예약을 만들 수 있을까요? (naeil yeoseonmyeong yeyageul mandeul su isseulkkayo?)
Can I make a reservation for six people for tomorrow?
사람 (saram) → a counter for people
오늘 모임은 세 사람이 더 왔구나! (oneul moimeun se sarami deo watguna!)
Today three more people came to the meeting!
분 (bun) → a counter for people
저녁 식사에 총 열두 분 맞으세요? (jeonyeok siksae chong yeoldu bun majeuseyo?)
Is it correct that there will be twelve people total at dinner?
마리 (mari) → a counter for animals
우리 가족은 고양이를 네 마리 키우고 있어요. (uri gajogeun goyangireul nemari kiugo isseoyo)
Our family is raising four cats
조각 (jogak) → a counter for slices
피자를 여덟 조각으로 자르자. (pijareul yeodeoljogageuro jareuja)
Let’s cut the pizza into eight slices
장 (jang) → a counter for pieces of paper
인쇄용지가 몇 장 필요하세요? (inswaeyongjiga myeotjang pillyohaseyo?)
How many pieces of printing paper do you need?
권 (gwon) → a counter for books and notebooks
오늘 도서관에 가서 책을 세 권 빌렸어요. (oneul doseogwane gaseo chaegeul segwon billyeosseoyo)
Today I went to the library and borrowed three books
잔 (jan) → a counter for drinks
오늘 커피를 세 잔 마셨기 때문에 못 자고 있어요.
(oneul keopireul sejan masyeotgi ttaemune mot jago isseoyo)
I can’t sleep because I had three cups of coffee today
병 (byeong) → a counter for bottles
마트에 가서 나한테 콜라를 두 병 사 줘. (mateue gaseo nahante kollareul dubyeong sa juseyo)
Please buy me two bottles of coke when you go to the grocery store
대 (dae) → a counter for cars and machines
어제 새 자동차 두 대를 보고 왔는데, 아주 멋졌어! (eoje sae jadongcha du daereul bogo wanneunde, aju meotjyeosseo!)
Yesterday I saw two new cars, very cool!
그릇 (geureut) → A counter for a bowl of something.
아줌마, 여기 국밥 다섯 그릇이에요. (ajumma, yeogi gukbap daseot geureutieyo.)
Madame, please give us five bowls of rice soup here.
채 (chae) → a counter for houses and buildings
부모님이 아파트를 한 채 마련하셨습니다. (bumonimi apateureul han chae maryeonhasyeotseumnida.)
Our parents prepared one apartment.
그루 (geuru) → a counter for trees
식목일에 나무 열 그루를 심는 게 목표예요. (singmogire namu yeol geurureul simneun ge mokpyoyeyo.)
Our goal is to plant ten trees on Arbor Day.
벌 (beol) → a counter for clothes
회사를 다니기 위해서 새 옷을 두 벌 샀어요. (hoesareul danigi wihaeseo sae oseul myeotbeol sasseoyo.)
I bought two new sets of clothes to wear for work.
켤레 (kyeolle) → a counter for pairs of shoes
결혼식을 위해 구두 두 켤레를 샀어요. (gyeolhonsigeul wihae gudu du kyeollereul sasseoyo.)
I bought two pairs of shoes for the wedding.
가지 (gaji) → a counter for kinds, varieties, sorts
라면은 수십 가지 요리 방법이 있지요! (ramyeoneun susip gaji yori bangbeobi itjiyo!)
As you know, there are tens of ways to cook ramyeon!
군데 (gunde) → a counter for places
국내 여행을 세 군데 생각해 봤어. (gungnae yeohaengeul myeot gunde saenggakae bwasseo.)
I thought about three places to travel domestically
번 (beon) → a counter for times
벌써 세 번 연락해봤어. (beolsseo sebeon yeollakaebwasseo.)
I already tried calling three times.
시 (si) → a counter for time
지금 오후 한 시예요? (jigeum myeotsiyeyo?)
Is it 1:00 pm now?
주일 (juil) → a counter for weeks
개학하고 나서 삼 주일이나 학교에 못 갔어. (gaehakago naseo sam juirina hakgyoe mot gasseo.)
Classes have already started, but I couldn’t go to school for three long weeks.
달 (dal) → a counter for duration in months
다섯 달전에 한국에 왔어요. (daseotdaljeone hanguge wasseoyo)
I came to Korea five months ago.
해 (hae) → a counter for years
여기서 일 한지 벌써 여섯 해야. (yeogiseo ilhan ji beolsseo myeot haeya)
It has been six years since we started working here.
시간 (sigan) → a counter for duration in hours
이 시험은 네 시간 걸릴 거예요. (i siheomeun ne sigan geollil geoyeyo.)
This exam will take four hours.
List of item counters with Sino-Korean numbers
While we already went through the majority of the counters in the previous section, there are a few specific ones that use the Sino-Korean number system instead. Below are some counting words, as well as some examples using Korean numbers with the counting words.
일 (il) → a counter for days
삼 일 뒤에 다시 갈 거야. (sam il dwie dasi gal geoya.)
I’ll go again three days later
월 (wol) → a counter for months
오늘 오 월 십이 일입니다. (oneul owol sibiirimnida.)
Today is May 12th.
개월 (gaewol) → a counter for duration of months
지금까지 남자친구랑 칠 개월 동안 만나고 있어요.
(jigeumkkaji namjachingurang chilgaewol dongan mannago isseoyo.)
I have been dating my boyfriend for seven months until now.
년 (nyeon) → a counter for years
일 년 뒤에 승진할 수 있어! (il nyeon dwie seungjinhal su isseo!)
I can get promoted after one year!
분 (bun) → a counter for minutes
10 분만 이따 전화할게. (sip bunman itta jeonhwahalge.)
I’ll call back ten minutes later
초 (cho) → a counter for seconds
나는 34분 20초에 5킬러미터를 달릴 수 있어요.(naneun samsipsabun isipchoe okilleomiteoreul dallil su isseoyo.)
I can run five kilometers in thirty-four minutes and twenty seconds.
층 (cheung) → a counter for floors in a building
우리 건물에서 6층이 있어요. (uri geonmureseo yukcheungi isseoyo.)
Our building has six floors.
킬로그램 (killogeuraem) → a counter for kilograms
기내 수화물은 15킬로그램까지 가능합니다. (ginae suhwamureun sibokillogeuraemkkaji ganeunghamnida)
In-flight baggage may be up to 15 kilograms.
미터 (miteo) → a counter for meters
가로 길이는 3 미터이고, 세로 길이는 1 미터인 테이블이 좋겠어! (garo girineun sam miteoigo, sero girineun il miteoin teibeuri jokesseo!)
I’d like a table 3 meters wide and 1 meter long!
커피 4100 원, 머핀 3800 원 해서 총 7900 원 입니다. (keopi sacheonbaek won, meopin samcheonpalbaek won haeseo chong chilcheongubaek wonimnida.)
The coffee is 4,000 won and the muffin is 3,800 won so the total is 7,900 won.
Congratulations! You have now successfully gone through all of the counting words in Korean. Which counter do you use most often? Let us know in the comments below!