A girl and boy in traditional Korean clothes

Korean Lunar New Year: Everything you need to know about Seollal

In South Korea, one of the most important holidays is Lunar New Year. It is known as Seollal (설날) in Korean.

We’ll tell you all you need to know about Korean Lunar New Year!

A girl and boy in traditional Korean clothes

What is Seollal (설날)?

Seollal (설날) is one of the important traditional Korean holidays in South Korea. This special holiday commemorates the first day of the Korean Lunar Calendar. The holiday takes place in the span of several days. It is marked by the gathering of family members, performing Korean rituals, eating traditional foods, playing folk games, and other traditional activities.

Seollal (설날) looks like seolnal, but is pronounced seollal in Korean. (Note: When an ㄴ sound follows a ㄹ sound, its pronunciation changes to ㄹ to make it easier to say.)

When is the Korean Lunar New Year?

Like many of Asia’s traditional holidays, the Seollal (설날) follows the lunar calendar. Seollal falls on the first day of the Lunar New Year calendar. It is usually towards the end of January or beginning of February on the Western (solar) calendar.

Here are the dates of the Korean Lunar New Year through the years:

2019 – February 5th

2020 – January 25th

2021 – February 12th

2022 – February 1st

2023 – January 22

The exact number of days for the Seollal holiday depends on which day of the week it falls on.

While the Lunar New Year is celebrated in countries across Asia, each country has its own way of celebrating the event. Korean Lunar New Year also has its own unique customs and traditions.

Korean New Year Celebrations

While Christmas in Korea is usually a time for celebrating with friends or for going on dates; Seollal, like Chuseok, is more of a family-based celebration. Many Koreans travel back to their family homes during this period. As a result, roads will be very busy during this time of year. Additionally, train, bus, and airplane tickets will either be sold out or very expensive. If you plan to come to Korea during Seollal, make sure you get a head start and book in advance!

Can't read Korean yet? Click here to learn for free in about 60 minutes!

Seollal (설날) looks like seolnal, but is pronounced seollal in Korean. When an ㄴ sound follows a ㄹ sound, its pronunciation changes to ㄹ to make it easier to say.

What is sebae?

세배 (sebae) is the most important of all the Korean Lunar New Year traditions. Sebae is the act of kneeling on the ground and bowing deeply so that your hands are also on the ground. Younger people must bow deeply to their elders and wish them a happy new year. This deep traditional bow signifies respect.

People often wear 한복 (hanbok), traditional Korean clothes, whilst performing sebae.

Korean Lunar New Year Sebae
Photo: USAG- Humphreys

To describe the act of sebae, the verb 드리다 (deurida) is used. For example, 세배 드렸어요 (sebae deuryeosseoyo) would mean, “I did the sebae bow.”

When bowing, you can say 새해 복 많이 받으세요 (saehae bok mani badeuseyo), which means “Have lots of luck in the new year.”

After receiving a bow from their younger, the elders then say something along the lines of “I hope you stay healthy this year” or “I hope you get married this year” to their younger. Elders typically reward their youngers with money, known as 세뱃돈 (sebaetdon), to their youngers. This money is often given inside an envelope.

 What is Charye?

Another important tradition is 차례 (charye). Charye is the term used to describe the worshiping of one’s ancestors during the Lunar New Year. Food is set out on a table as a gift for one’s ancestors, behind which are the family’s ancestral tablets. People perform deep bows on these tables in order to show respect to their ancestors. This tradition is still performed by many Koreans, but it isn’t quite as widespread as the other Seollal traditions.

Korean New Year Food

The most important food that is eaten during the Korean Lunar New Year is 떡국 (tteokguk) or rice cake soup. This soup is made using sliced rice cake, known as 떡 (tteok) in Korean. Tteokguk often also contains some meat and other things, such as seaweed.

Korean Lunar New Years Food tteokguk
Photo: Josiah Lau Photography


Traditionally, the act of eating tteokguk at New Year turns you one year older in Korean. Don’t worry though; you only get one year older if you eat it over the New Year period, not at other times of the year!

The white color of the tteok supposedly signifies purity. In the past, this meal was only eaten during Korean New Year. However, nowadays, you can find in restaurants all year round.

Another common food that is eaten during the Lunar New Year is 전 (jeon). Jeon is a pancake-like dish that often contains green (spring) onions or 파 (pa). The two most common types of jeon are 김치전 (gimchijeon) and 해물파전 (haemulpajeon), which contain kimchi and seafood, respectively. Sometimes jeon is also called 부침개 (buchimgae).

In addition to tteokguk and jeon, families often prepare many other foods and side dishes to eat at Lunar New Year.

Korean Lunar New Year Traditional Games

Just like how Western families often play board games at Christmas, Korean families often play traditional games together during Seollal.

Korean Traditional Games Yutnori
Photo: Jordi Sanchez Teruel

One of the most popular games is 윷놀이 (yunnori), pronounced yut-nori or yunnori. This traditional board game is played between two teams and requires four special sticks. These sticks are curved on one side and flat on the other.

Teams take turns throwing the four sticks in the air. The way that the sticks land determines how far the players move around the board.

As well as yut-nori, other traditional games are often played over Lunar New Year.

Things to do over Korean Lunar New Year

If you want to experience a traditional Korean Lunar New Year, then your best bet would be to get invited to a Korean family’s house. If you’re lucky enough to get an invite, you should take them up on the offer!

While traveling during Seollal, keep in mind that it’s the busiest time of the year in Korea. A large percentage of the population is trying to get back to their hometown. Plan accordingly!

Some people like to take advantage of the Lunar New Year holiday by visiting places that are usually crowded, such as amusement parks. Seoul’s palaces are also a fantastic place to visit during this time of year. That is because they often put on special shows and performances during the traditional holiday seasons.

Since many places are closed during Seollal, it is best to quickly check online to see if the place that you are planning to visit is open before you travel. Better safe than sorry!

What do you plan to do over the Korean Lunar New Year? Let us know by commenting below!

Was this post helpful?

12 thoughts on “Korean Lunar New Year: Everything you need to know about Seollal”

  1. Hi

    We plan to visit Seoul from Feb 8th to Feb 15th (Lunar New Year). We plan to spend 2 days for skiing, Eobi Valley and Legoland while the rest will be in city centre.

    We just realized it is public holiday from 9th to 12th. We are worried if the traffic between city and skiing / Eobi Valley will be very crowded, and if the shops / restaurants / shopping malls will be closed.

    Please kindly advise if it is a good time to visit Seoul or should we pick another time?

    1. Hi Ming! Considering what you are planning to do, I would recommend to pick another time if possible. During the Lunar New Year, the city center can be quiet and some shops/restaurants could be closed during that time. There can be lots of traffic between the city and the area you mentioned since it’s holiday time. Also, the prices for hotels/resorts can be more expensive than usual.

  2. It’s a cool article, it was really interisting to read about it. Thanks!) Happy Korean lunar new year!

      1. Thank u very I really appreciate it,I love it all.Have always dream of coming to south Korea.And I pray that one day my dream will be answered

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *