In this lesson, we’re going to cover the Korean question words. You can use these words to ask Korean questions, which is really important for having a Korean conversation.
Once you learn Korean question words from this lesson, you will be able to ask your Korean friends many questions and understand the questions they’ll want to ask you.
Here is a free PDF guide that you can download and take with you:
- 1 List of Korean Question Words
- 2 How to Use Korean Question Words
- 2.1 What in Korean – 뭐 (mwo)
- 2.2 When in Korean – 언제 (eonje)
- 2.3 Where in Korean – 어디 (eodi)
- 2.4 Who in Korean – 누구 (nugu)
- 2.5 Why in Korean – 왜 (wae)
- 2.6 Which in Korean – 어느 (eoneu)
- 2.7 How in Korean – 어떻게 (eotteoke)
- 2.8 What kind of in Korean – 어떤 (eotteon)
- 2.9 What (kind of) in Korean – 무슨 (museun)
- 2.10 How many/much/long in Korean – 얼마나 (eolmana)
- 2.11 How much in Korean -얼마 (eolma)
- 2.12 How many in Korean – 몇 (myeot)
List of Korean Question Words
Here are the most common question words in the Korean language. Using these will help speed up your Korean language learning by allowing you to have conversations with your Korean friends right away. These words are also beneficial if you’re in South Korea and need to ask some questions in Korean to the locals.
|What kind of||(eotteon)|
|What (kind of)||(museun)|
How to Use Korean Question Words
To make your learning as easy as possible, we’ll also show you a sample sentence of each question word. There may also be some notes near the question words if there are special cases. We’ve included the English translation and the sentence in romanized English so you can easily take note of the Korean words and phrases used.
What in Korean – 뭐 (mwo)
The word for “what” in Korean is 뭐 (mwo) which is the shortened form of 무엇. You’ll likely see 뭐 used in most situations, but it’s useful to learn both words.
이름이 뭐예요? (ireumi mwoyeyo?)
What is your name?
When in Korean – 언제 (eonje)
The example question below is one of the basic questions you’ll hear when having a Korean conversation. The word for “when” in Korean is 언제 (eonje). Make sure you know how to answer this one. We have two great resources on how to learn Korean dates and Korean numbers.
한국에 언제 왔어요? (eonje hanguge wasseoyo?)
When did you come to Korea?
You can put this question word in various parts of the sentence, but typically it is placed just before the verb. Often you’ll see Korean particles such as 부터 and 까지 to indicate “from” and “until” when something happens.
Where in Korean – 어디 (eodi)
This is another common question that you’re bound to hear if you’re learning the Korean language. To reply, you need to know the name of your country in Korean. You can find a list of countries in Korean on this page. Some of the countries sound like the country’s name in English, and some don’t. So if you want to ask “where” in Korean, you can say it as 어디 (eodi).
어디에서 왔어요? (eodieseo wasseoyo?)
Where are you from?
Who in Korean – 누구 (nugu)
If you want to know someone’s name or identity, you can ask “who” in Korean as 누구 (nugu).
제일 친한 친구는 누구예요? (jeil chinhan chinguneun nuguyeyo?)
Who is your best friend?
Why in Korean – 왜 (wae)
You can also use this question word 왜 (wae) on its own to say “why” in Korean. For example, you can ask 왜 or 왜요. The former is informal, and the latter is a standard version you can use with anyone. You can place this word anywhere before the verb. Most of the time, it appears in front of the verb.
한국어를 왜 배워요? (hangugeoreul wae baewoyo?)
Why do you study Korean?
Which in Korean – 어느 (eoneu)
If there are several choices in a scenario, you can say 어느 (eoneu), translating to “which” in Korean.
어느 대학교를 다니세요? (eoneu daehakgyoreul daniseyo?)
Which university do you go to?
How in Korean – 어떻게 (eotteoke)
You’d often hear this as an expression, but 어떻게 (eotteoke) translates to “how” in Korean.
남자친구를 어떻게 만났어요? (namjachingureul eotteoke mannasseoyo?)
How did you meet your boyfriend?
What kind of in Korean – 어떤 (eotteon)
The word for “what kind of” in Korean is 어떤 (eotteon).
어떤 음식을 제일 좋아하세요? (eotteon eumsigeul jeil joahaseyo?)
What kind of food do you like the most?
What (kind of) in Korean – 무슨 (museun)
You can say “what (kind of)” in Korean as 무슨 (museun).
이게 무슨 냄새예요? (ige museun naemsaeyeyo?)
What (kind of) smell is this?
How many/much/long in Korean – 얼마나 (eolmana)
When asking “how many” in Korean, you can say it as 얼마나 (eolmana). The same goes for “how much” in Korean and “how long” in Korean.
집에서 홍대까지 얼마나 걸릴거예요? (jibeseo hongdaekkaji eolmana geollilgeoyeyo?)
How much time will it take from your home to Hongdae?
How much in Korean -얼마 (eolma)
You can also say “how much” in Korean as 얼마 (eolma). This is especially useful when you plan to shop or perhaps buy some Korean food.
바나나 1개 얼마예요? (banana hangae eolmayeyo?)
How much does one banana cost?
How many in Korean – 몇 (myeot)
The more specific word for “how many” in Korean is 몇 (myeot).
맥주 몇 병 드릴까요? ( maekju myeot byeong deurilkkayo)
How many bottles of beer would you like?
Big congratulations! You have just learned the commonly used Korean question words! Now you can immediately go and start asking all the burning questions not only to your friends who speak English but also to those who speak Korean. Make sure to put the sample sentences to use so you can practice the language right away. If you want to know more about Korean, we have a guide to teach you the best way to learn Korean.
We’d also love to see your own sample sentence in the comments below! As you’re studying Korean, remember that if you have any questions on the lesson topic we have just covered, feel free to ask, and we’re always happy to help. And when you’re ready to learn more information, check out our complete list of Korean phrases!