Religion in Korean – Vocabulary on the country’s beliefs

Last Updated on May 4, 2022 by 90 Day Korean
Religion in Korean

There are several religions present in Korea. In this article, we will discuss how to say “religion” in Korean along with other related vocabularies. The words and sentences in this lesson can help you practice speaking in Korean and easily understand conversations on the topic.

Two hands pressed together as a gesture of prayer

Let’s start learning!

How to say “religion” in Korean

The Korean word for “religion” is 종교 (jonggyo). We will also be introducing you to some Korean vocabulary and sample sentences related to the matter. As we go through this article, you will notice that the Korean words for the specific religions also end with -교 (gyo).

Korean Vocabulary on Religion

Now that you’ve been introduced to the different religions dominating South Korea, as well as their background, perhaps you would also be keen to learn some related vocabulary?

KoreanEnglish
(jonggyo)Religion
(doksilhada),
(jonggyojeokida)
Religious
(yugyo)Confucianism
(bulgyo)Buddhism
(gidokgyo)Christianity
(gatollik gyohoe)
Catholic Church
(gaesingyo gyohoe)Protestantism
(luteo gyohoe)
Lutheran Church
(gamri gyohoe)Methodist Church
(jeonggyohoe)Orthodox Church
(chimrye gyohoe)Baptist church
(syamangyo),
(moksok)
Shamanism
(musinron)Atheism
(mideum)
Belief
(chungsil),
(chungseong)
Loyalty
(yebaehada),
숭배하다 (sungbaehada)
Worship
(josang),
(seonjo)
Ancestor
(minsok),
(jeontong munhwa)
Folklore
(jonggyoui jayu)Freedom of religion
(jonggyo saenghwareul silcheonhada)
Practicing a religion
(jonggyojeokin mideum)Religious belief
(jonggyoe gwiuihada)Turn to a religion, be converted
(Xreul mitda)To believe in X religion
(jonggyoreul yeonguhada)To study religion
(gyohoe)Church
(yebaedang)Chapel
(sawon),
(sinjeon)
Temple
(inyeom)Ideology
(mudang)
Shaman

“God” in Korean

The word “god” in Korean can be expressed in a number of ways. You can say it as 하느님 (haneunim) if you’re talking about the god above the sky.

You can use 신 (sin) if you are referring to a god of something. For example, 사랑의 신 (sarangui sin). This means “god of love”.

On the other hand, you can also say 하나님 (hananim) if you’re talking about “the one and only God”. This is usually used by protestant Christians.

“God bless you” in Korean

There are a few ways to say “God bless you” in Korean. You can say it as 하나님이 당신을 축복하십니다 (hananimi dangsineul chukbokasimnida) or 당신에게 신의 축복이 있기를 빕니다 (dangsinege sinui chukbogi itgireul bimnida). Both expressions are formal.

You can also express it informally by saying 하나님이 너를 축복하셔 (hananimi neoreul chukbokasyeo).

“Jesus” in Korean

The name of Jesus is expressed as 예수 (yesu) and Jesus Christ is 예수 그리스도 (yesu geuriseudo) in Korean.

“Buddha” in Korean

The name of Buddha is expressed with the words 석가모니 (seokgamoni) and 부처 (bucheo) in Korean.

However, 부처 (bucheo) is normally used in the name of holidays related to Buddha.

For example, 부처님 오신 날. This is the holiday name for Buddha’s Birthday.

“Allah” in Korean

The name of Allah is expressed as 알라신 (allasin) in Korean.

“Pray” in Korean

There are 2 Korean words you can use to say “pray.” You can use 기도하다 (gidohada) when you’re praying for something or someone. For example, 당신의 안전을 위해 기도합니다 (dangsinui anjeoneul wihae gidohamnida).

You’ll use 기원하다 (giwonhada) when you simply want, hope, or wish for something. For example, 저는 평화를 기원합니다 (jeoneun pyonghwareul giwonhamnida).

“Church” in Korean

The Korean word for “church” is 교회 (gyohoe).

If you want to talk about a specific religion’s church such as “Catholic church,” then you cay say it as 가톨릭 교회 (gatollik gyohoe).

KoreanEnglish
(jonggyoga isseuseyo?)Do you have a religion?
(eotteon jonggyoreul mideoyo?)What is your religion?
(naneun luteogyo sinjayo.)I am a Lutheran.
(illyoilmada gyohoee gaseo jonggyo saenghwareul silcheonhaeyo.)I practice my religion by going to church on Sundays.

That’s it for the vocabulary related to religion in Korean. If you’d like to know further about the different religions in Korea, we also have a separate article for it.

Is your religion also on our list above? Let us know in the comments below!

 

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