Weather & Seasons in Korean – Know this for your next trip

Last Updated on October 20, 2021 by 90 Day Korean
Seasons in Korean

In this article, we will be learning about how to say seasons in Korean. Possibly you’ve already checked our lesson for months in Korean, but we’ll also identify and describe what season takes place in those months.

If you’re searching for Korean words related to the weather and the four seasons in Korean, this lesson is perfect for you. This may come in handy if you plan to visit the Land of the morning calm during a certain season. By the end of the lesson, you may very well be able to use the Korean words and describe the seasons and even mark your calendar for these four seasons in Korean!

To start, here is a list of the four seasons in Korean. We’ll learn more about them in a while!

  • Spring – 봄 (bom)
  • Summer – 해변 (haebyeon)
  • Autimn – 가을 (gaeul)
  • Winter – 겨울 (gyeoul)

Four Seasons in Korean

Below is a free PDF guide for “Seasons in Korean” that you can download and take with you:

Seasons in Korean

Countries in the world have different types of seasons depending on their location. Some countries have two, some have four seasons. This is determined by certain temperatures, weather conditions, and, most importantly, the Earth’s position in relation to the sun. But for this lesson, we’ll focus more on how to say the vocabulary related to seasons in Korean!

How to say “seasons” in Korean?

There are different seasons in Korea, but the Korean word for “season” is 계절 (gyejeol).

How many seasons are there in Korea?

South Korea has four seasons, namely spring, summer, autumn, and winter. There are also many countries all over the world with four seasons like the United States and Japan.

What are the four seasons in Korean?

Now we know that there are four seasons in Korea. Let us now learn how to say the words and describe each of them in the Korean language. In addition, it is advantageous to know the seasons in the Korean language to explain your home country’s climate and different seasons (or lack of) to a Korean friend.

Gyeongbokgung Palace With Cherry Blossom Tree In Spring Time Season

Spring in Korean

The word for spring in Korean is 봄 (bom). It is a fairly short season in Korea, but it is beautiful when all the flowers, like the various tree blossoms, bloom.

Summer in Korean

여름 (yeoreum) is the term for summer in Korean. It’s a hot and humid season in Korea, with a monsoon season squeezed in. During summer, the perfect place for a quick summer getaway is the beach. Beach in Korean is called 해변 (haebyeon). While the sea or ocean in Korean is 바다 (bada).

Autumn in Korean

Another short but beautiful season in South Korea is autumn, or 가을 (gaeul) in Korean. You would also use 가을 (gaeul) to say fall in Korean. It’s the time of year the mountainous country is filled with beautifully colored leaves.

Winter in Korean

The year’s last (and first) season, winter in Korean, is called 겨울 (gyeoul). Lasting for around three months, temperatures drop in Korea during winter. Snow in Korean is the first thing to come to mind when talking about winter is 눈 (nun). In many parts of Korea, it can be quite snowy during winter!

When do these seasons occur each year?

This question is often asked especially when people have travel plans to Korea. We’ve learned the words for the four seasons in Korean, but if you plan to visit in a certain month to take a closer look and experience Korea, you need to know what season it will be. Knowing this will not only help you learn Korean but also know more about Korean culture. Let’s read on!

What months is spring in Korea?

Spring in Korea normally happens between April and June. It’s said to be the best time to be visiting Korea because the temperature is just right and all the flowers bloom.

What months is summer in Korea?

The summer season is usually just from July to August. The duration of summer is short, but it can get really hot and humid, so it’s a good time to visit the beach.

What months is autumn in Korea?

Autumn is another great time to travel to Korea, which is between September to November. Chuseok or the Korean Thanksgiving is also celebrated during this season.

What months is winter in Korea?

If you plan to visit Korea to enjoy various winter festivals, it’s best to go between December to March. It’s good to mark your calendar for this winter season event! Perhaps you can also visit other key areas in Korea like Jeju Island for some skiing and other winter activities.

Winter in Korea

What is 삼복 (sambok)?

The word 삼복 (sambok), also known as dog days of summer, refers to the three hottest days of the year. 삼복 (sambok) happens between June and August.

삼복 (sambok) is also commonly referred to as 복날 (boknal).  These three 복날 (boknal) days have a ten-day interval in between each other. If you’re in Korea or plan to visit soon, you need to know about these three days.

What is 초복 (Chobok)?

Chobok is known as the first dog day and marks the start of sambok. For 2021, chobok occurred on July 11.

What is 중복 (Jungbok)?

Chobok is then followed by the middle dog day called 중복 (jungbok) after 10 days. Jungbok happened on July 21 in 2021.

What is 말복 (Malbok)?

Lastly, the third and last dog day is called 말복 (malbok). August 10 was the date for malbok in 2021.

Interestingly, even though it’s very hot, Korean people enjoy having hot soup during sambok. Specifically, a soup such as 삼계탕 (samgyetang), is the most famous choice.

삼계탕 (samgyetang) is a chicken soup with ginseng.  Since it’s hotter than usual in Korea during these days, most people opt to eat healthier food to avoid any possible health issues due to the heat.

What is chubun?

The term 추분 (chubun) means autumn equinox. This is the time of the year when the length of day and night is equal. Chubun falls according to the Gregorian calendar, which is usually around September 23. After this, you can already feel the nights gradually become longer.

As Chubun takes place, people also use the weather to identify having a good harvest from a bad one. If there is rain or dry wind, it indicates a good harvest. If if the weather is clear, it may mean there’s not much to harvest.

Weather in Korean

Great, now you know the words for the four seasons in Korean! So, let’s move on to the list below and learn Korean weather vocabulary with its English counterpart. With this vocabulary, it will also be possible to describe and understand daily forecasts.

Seasons in Korean - Girl with Umbrella and Dog

climate기후 (gihu)
weather날씨 (nalssi)
forecast 예보 (yebo)
temperature 온도 (ondo)
below zero 영하 (yeongha)
비 (bi)
to rain 비가 오다 (biga oda)
rainy day 비오는 날 (bioneun nal)
폭우 (pogu)
cloud 구름 (gureum)
cloudy, overcast
흐리다 (heurida)
rain shower
소나기 (sonagi)
sunrise 동틀녘, 일출 (dongteullyeok, ilchul)
sunset 노을, 일몰, 석양, 해질녘 (noeul, ilmol, seongnyang, haejillyeok)
dry, arid
건조 (geonjo)
가뭄 (gamum)
습하다 (seupada)
춥다, 차갑다 (chupda, chagapda)
hot덥다 (deopda)
쌀쌀하다 (ssalssalhada)
heat 더위 (deowi)
폭염 (pongnyeom)
wind 바람 (baram)
windy day 바람 부는 날 (baram buneun nal)
fog, mist 안개 (angae)
foggy 안개가 끼다 (angaega kkida)
light breeze 남실바람, 경풍 (namsilbaram, gyeongpung)
천둥 (cheondung)
lightning 번개 (beongae)
thunderstorm 뇌우 (noeu)
snow 눈 (nun)
snowy day 눈 오는 날 (nun oneun nal)
snowstorm, blizzard 눈보라 (nunbora)
강설, 강설량 (gangseol, gangseollyang)
tropical 열대의 (yeoldaeui)
temperate, mild
온화하다 (onhwahada)
drizzle 보슬보슬 내리다 (boseulboseul naerida)
warm 따뜻하다, 포근하다 (ttatteuthada, pogeunhada)
hail 우박 (ubak)
storm 폭풍 (pokpung)
cold front 한랭 전선 (hallaeng jeonseon)
warm front 온난 전선 (onnan jeonseon)
ice storm 얼음 폭풍 (eoreum pokpung)
gust 돌풍 (dolpung)
whirlwind 돌개바람 (dolgaebaram)
air pressure 기압 (giap)
서리 (seori)
smog 연무 (yeonmu)
low pressure 저압 (jeoap)
wind chill
풍속 냉각 (pungsok naenggak)
진눈깨비 (jinnunkkaebi)
monsoon 장마 (jangma)
sunny 맑다 (malda)

Note: Minus temperatures (below zero temperatures) are said like this:

영하 7도 (yeongha 7do)

-7 degrees

Weather in Korean

To start, the word for weather in Korean is 날씨 (nalssi). In a simple definition, it is the state of the atmosphere, often describing whether it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy. Or it could be sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, and stormy.

Hot in Korean

There are different terms for “hot” in Korean. In this topic, the word that we will use is 덥다 (deobda). This describes the hot environment or weather.

Cool in Korean

There are different definitions for “cool,” but we’ll focus on it as an adjective describing the cold weather in this lesson. The word for cool in Korean in this context is 시원해요 (shiwonhaeyo). However, if you want to know the other terms for “cool,” we have another article saying cool in Korean.

Hot and Cool Weather

Dry in Korean

Dry in Korean is 건조 (geonjo). This is used to describe a period where the amount of rainfall is low. This is more common in tropical countries where there are only dry and wet seasons.

Humid in Korean

Humid in Korean is 습하다 (seupada). People often experience this temperature in summer.

Rain in Korean

The word for rain in Korean is 비 (bi), while the lighter version of rain, which is a shower in Korean, is called 소나기 (sonagi). Also, umbrella in Korean is 우산 (usan). These go hand in hand, so make sure you have your umbrella with you in the rainy seasons!

Wind in Korean

Don’t you love it when the wind brings a cool breeze? The word for wind in Korean is 바람 (baram), while the air in Korean which is often associated with it is 공기 (gonggi).

Thunder in Korean

Thunder in Korean is 천둥 (cheondung). It’s something we can expect during thunderstorms, and it often appears with lightning. Lightning in Korean is lightning 번개 (beongae).

Warm in Korean

This defines a temperature that contains heat but is not enough to be called hot. There are two terms for warm in Korean which are 따뜻하다, 포근하다 (ttatteuthada, pogeunhada). On the other hand, the word for temperature in Korean is called 온도 (ondo).

Blizzard in Korean

Blizzard in Korean is 눈보라 (nunbora). This is defined to be a powerful snowstorm.

Nature words in Korean

Here are some nature words in the Korean language to get you started describing what the nature around you looks like.

Rural scene with natural tree.Vector illustration.Beautiful summer nature landscape.Forest with mountain and sky background.Garden green grass with bushes and trees.Trees and flower set flat style

air 공기 (gonggi)
arctic 북극의 (bukgeugui)
beach 해변 (haebyeon)
canyon 협곡 (hyeopgok)
cave 동굴 (donggul)
cliff 절벽 (jeolbyeok)
coast, shore 해안 (haean)
desert 사막 (samak)
field 들판 (deulpan)
forest 숲 (sup)
glacier 빙하 (bingha)
ice 얼음 (eoreum)
island 섬 (seom)
lake 호수 (hosu)
mountain 산 (san)
nature 자연 (jayeon)
ocean, sea 바다 (bada)
rainbow 무지개 (mujigae)
rainforest 우림 (urim)
river 강 (gang)
savanna 사바나 (sabana)
valley 계곡 (gyegok)
volcano 화산 (hwasan)
waterfall 폭포 (pokpo)
wildlife 야생 동물 (yasaeng dongmul)

Natural disaster words in Korean

As we continue to learn Korean words on nature, one last set of vocabulary we’ll be teaching you today is the vocabulary for natural disasters. These may also be useful and even interesting information to take note of as you are learning Korean.

Natural disaster 자연 재해, 천재 (jayeon jaehae, cheonjae)
Earthquake 지진 (jijin)
Volcano eruption 화산 폭발 (hwasan pokbal)
Landslide, Avalanche 산사태 (sansatae)
Famine 기근 (gigeun)
Drought 가뭄 (gamum)
Hurricane 허리케인 (heorikein)
Tornado 회오리바람, 토네이도 (hoeoribaram, toneido)
Cyclone 사이클론 (saikeullon)
Typhoon 태풍 (taepung)
Flood 홍수 (hongsu)
Tsunami 쓰나미 (sseunami)
Extreme temperature 극한 기온 (geukan gion)
Wildfire 산불 (sanbul)

Here are more Korean words that will be crucial for you to learn:

Fire in Korean

There are two words for fire in Korean, depending on how you are to use it.

The more common term for fire in Korean is 불 (bul). Specifically, this word means flame or the object of fire. This is the term you may use for the flame you see when cooking, for example. It’s also used to describe foods that are so hot they make your mouth feel like it’s on fire, like 불닭 (buldal), aka “fire chicken.” It’s also popular to call a Friday night out, playing with friends, a 불금 (bulgeum), so a “fire Friday.”

The other term for fire in Korean is 화재 (hwajae). When you see a house or a building or the equivalent on fire, this is the word to use. Specifically, it describes a disaster caused by something catching on fire.

Water in Korean

The term for water in Korean is 물 (mul). Many related words exist, but this is the word you’ll want to use for water itself. We have a whole article dedicated to saying water in Korean – perhaps a great lesson to take next?

Sun in Korean

We have some vocabulary above for sunset and sunrise, but what’s the word for sun in the Korean language, you may ask. Sun in Korean is called 해 (have), which is the most common term used.

Sky in Korean

Sky in Korean is 하늘 (haneul). Looking up at the sky is how we often determine how the weather will be like for the day.

Congratulations! You have now successfully reached the end of today’s highly informative lesson about the weather and four seasons in Korean. So be sure to take some time to digest what you’ve just learned. Do you like winter, spring, summer, or autumn? Or perhaps all seasons?  You might also want to learn Korean words for more lessons to learn along with your newly learned vocabulary about the weather and the four seasons in Korean! This will help you more in learning the Korean language.

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