Who is on Korean Money in South Korea

Who is on Korean Money in South Korea?

One question we often get is “Who is on Korean money?”.

It’s a good question, since we carry around these colorful bills with us and see those friendly faces all the time. But who are they, and why are they significant in Korea? After all, if they’re on the Korean Won bills, they must be important!

Not only is it great to know the symbolism of the Korean money, but it can help you learn some bonus vocabulary words as well. It’s a great way to spice up your Korean study plan!

If you want to impress your Korean friends with fun facts while also being prepared to dominate any trivia game that mentions Korean money, then read on!

 

Korean Money: Paper Bills

Korean Won Money

There are 4 different Korean won bills. They are 50,000 won, 10,000 won, 5,000 won, and 1,000 won. The bills get larger in size as they go up. The 5,000 won bill is slightly larger than the 1,000 won bill, and the 10,000 won bill is slightly larger than the 5,000 won bill.

We will start small and work our way up. Let the fun facts begin!

If you can’t read Korean characters yet, you can learn them free in about one hour here.

 

Korean Money #1: ₩1,000 (won)

Korean Money 1000 Won Front

Color: Blue

Front: 퇴계이황 Toegye Yi Hwang (1501 – 1570)

Yi Hwang was a famous Confucian scholar from the Joseon Dynasty (That’s the 500 year Confucian dynasty in Korea!) who was big into calligraphy and poetry. If you’re wondering who Toegye is, great question! That was his pen name. Yi Hwang was a busy guy.

Back: 계상정거도Gyesangjeonggeodo

In addition to being an impressively long name for a painting, the back side of the 1,000 won bill also represents a painting of Yi Hwang in Dosan Seowon (area of Korea). If you’ve ever visited Andong in Korea, then you were actually at present day Dosan Seowon!

 

Korean Money #2: ₩5,000 (won)

Korean Money 5000 Won Front

Image Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Korean_won

Color: Orange

Front: 율곡이이 Yulgok Yi I (1536 – 1584)

Like Yi Hwang, Yi I (pronounced “yee-ee”) was also a mover and a shaker back in the 1500s. He attained fame as a Confucian scholar, and also flew under the radar with his pen name Yulgok.

Korean Money 5000 Won Back

Back: 초충도 Chochungdo

On the back side of the 5,000 won note, you’ll see a painting by Shin Saimdang (Yi I’s mother) called “Insects and Plants” ( “Chochungdo” is the name of the painting). More on her in a bit.

Korean Money #3: ₩10,000 (won)

Korean Money 10000 Won Front

Color: Green

Front: 세종대왕 Sejong the Great (1397 – 1450)

If you haven’t heard this 4th king of the Joseon Dynasty, then consider this the first of many times that you will! He is the one responsible for introducing Hangeul into Korean society.

Back: 혼천시계 Honcheonsigye

Korean Money 10000 won back

Since “sigye” means “clock” in Korean, we can call the picture on the back of this note the “Hocheon Clock”. 혼천시계 is an astronomical clock that was made in 1669 and is still in existence today. If you’re ever sitting in your house and wondering what the position of the universe at any given time, then you’ll want to stop by Korea University to consult with the Hocehon Clock in person!

 

Korean Money #4: ₩50,000 (won)

Korean Money 50000 Front

Color: Yellow

Front: 신사임당 Shin Saimdang (1504 – 1551)

Try saying that name 4 times fast! Shin Saimdang was mother of Yi I, as well as a writer, artist, calligraphist, and a poet. Her artwork captured beautiful and delicate images of insects, flowers, fish, and landscapes. People liked her because she was a model of Confucian ideals.

Back: 월매도 Wolmaedo

Korean Money 50000 Won Back

Fairly simple; this is a painting of a bamboo and a plum tree.

 

There you have it, the big four in Korean currency. Lets move onto the coins!

 

Korean Money: Coins

Korean Money Coins

Crack open your piggy banks, we’re about to give you the need-to-know information for each of those famous coins you see so often. Your trips to the vending machine will take on a whole new dimension of fun!

Coin Front  Significance
10 won 다보탑 (Dabotap Pagoda) Famous temple in Gyeongju
50 won stalk of rice rice is tasty!
100 won 이순신 (Yi Sun-sin) Korea's favorite navy admiral
500 won 두루미 (Red-crowned crane) Beautiful crane you can find in Korea

 

One Hundred Korean Won Coin (Front & Back)

100 South Korean Wons Coin

Five Hundred Korean Won Coin (Front)

500 south korean wons coin

Five Hundred Korean Won Coin (Back)

500 South Korean Wons Coin

 

Hopefully you know a bit more about famous faces in Korea, as well as some bonus vocabulary words. Time to try out some of your newfound Korean knowledge and watch for some surprised responses!

 

Which Korean bill or coin is your favorite? Please feel free to leave a comment below!

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