It’s always good to start off the day on a positive note.
One easy way to do that is with a nice, polite, friendly “good morning”.
But how can we say “good morning” in Korean?
In most situations, you can just use ‘hello‘ instead of saying ‘good morning’ when speaking Korean. However, if you want to specifically say ‘good morning’ instead of ‘hello’, then you’ll want to know these phrases. We also have a FREE PDF guide that you can take with you on the go. Check it out below:
Onward we go!
Formal ‘Good Morning’ in Korean
If you want to know how to say ‘good morning’ in Korean when speaking with somebody older than yourself, then these are the phrases to learn.
‘잘 주무셨어요 (jal jumusyeosseoyo)?’ literally means ‘did you sleep well?’.
Similarly, ‘안녕히 주무셨어요 (annyeonghi jumusyeosseoyo)?’ means ‘did you sleep peacefully?’
These phrases should only be used when you first meet somebody after they wake up, i.e. at breakfast time. They can’t be used at 11:59 a.m. like ‘good morning’ can in English.
잘 (jal) means ‘well’ in Korean. You can use this word in front of a verb, for example, by saying ‘잘 했어요’ (jal haesseoyo | well done).
주무셨어요 (jumusyeosseoyo) is the past tense version of the verb 주무세요 (jumuseyo). Certain common verbs in Korean, such as ‘to exist’, ‘to eat’, ‘to speak’, and ‘to sleep’ have two different forms: the regular form, and the honorific form. 주무세요 (jumuseyo) is the honorific form of 자다 (jada) meaning ‘to sleep’.
The honorific form should be used when speaking to people older or higher in rank than you. You should never use it when referring to yourself. It is therefore used mainly when asking a question.
If somebody asks you ‘잘 주무셨어요 (jal jumusyeosseoyo)?’, then you need to reply using the lower form of the verb. In this case saying, you could reply with ‘네, 잘 잤어요’ (ne, jal jasseoyo) meaning ‘yes, I slept well’.
You can use the verb 주무세요 (jumuseyo) in its present tense form when saying 안녕히 주무세요 (annyeonghi jumuseyo) meaning ‘good night’ (literally ‘sleep peacefully’).
You can also use this phase to literally say, “The morning is good”. It’s used like the English phrase ‘good morning”. Since it uses the –입니다 (imnida) ending, it is more of a formal phrase.
Standard ‘Good Morning’ in Korean
This is the standard form of “did you sleep well?”. You might use this with new roommates while traveling with those older than you, or maybe in a text message.
You’d use this phrase to say “good morning” in standard Korean. It’s not as common as saying “good morning” in English. As you learn more about the Korean language, you’ll notice that some of the cultural elements are built into the language. That means that some of the phrases won’t translate directly.
Informal ‘Good Morning’ in Korean
When talking to close friends, you can simply say 잘 잤어 (jal jasseo)? This phrase uses the past tense version of 자다 (jada) which means ‘to sleep’.
If you type ‘good morning’ into a translator then it will often come up with something like 좋은 아침 (joeun achim). This is the literal translation of ‘good morning’ as 좋은 (joeun) means ‘good’ and 아침 (achim) means ‘morning’.
Hopefully you now know how to say ‘good morning’ in Korean. If you want to keep it simple, then just use the word ‘hello’ instead of ‘good morning’.
If you want to just learn one way of saying ‘good morning’ in Korean, then learn 안녕히 주무셨어요 (annyeonghi jumusyeosseoyo)? Your polite manners and consideration will definitely make everyone’s morning good!
For a complete guide on how to learn Korean online, go here: https://www.90daykorean.com/learn-korean/
We also have a structured Korean language web program that will teach you how to have a 3-minute conversation in the first 90 days.