Stop right there! This just may very well be the most important technique you learn to aid you in your Korean language learning journey.
Memorizing Korean words can be hard if you’re learning Korean as a second language. This is because many Korean words sound nothing like the word in your native language.
So what to do?
The good news is that there are some powerful memorization techniques that can be used to memorize Korean words. We’ll introduce a few of them to you, and show you some example of how people are using them to learn Korean fast!
We’ll go through three Korean word memorization techniques with you:
- Associations and Stories
- The Peg System
- Word Families
Then we’ll give you some practical applications for how to use them with your Korean studies. Use one, two, or all of them–it depends on your learning style.
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Here we go!
Note: This article contains Hangul (the Korean alphabet) If you can’t read Hangul yet, you can get a free guide to learn in about 90 minutes here.
1. Associations and Stories
One of the best ways to memorize words in Korean is making associations or stories to words that you already know in your native language. You can associate the Korean word with a story about some words that sound similar to you. Let’s go through a few examples.
1a. Example: class
수업 means “class”. To memorize this Korean word, simply think of a girl or boy named 수 (Sue). We’ll say 수(Sue) is a girl in this case, and she raises her hand 업 (up) to answer questions in class.
수 (Sue) puts her hand 업 (up) during 수업 (class)
1b. Example: bank
For this example, we’re going to mix in both Korean and English associations. Let’s take a look!
은행 means “bank”. To memorize this Korean word, imagine that you have some 은 (silver, in Korean) that you need to store safely. You need to 행 (hang) it somewhere where it won’t get stolen.
I 행 (hang) my 은 (silver) at the 은행 (bank)
1c. Example: soap
비누 means “soap” in Korean. Both syllables sound like English words, so we can use those for the associations.
비 = be
누 = new
We use soap in the shower to feel refreshed. We feel like a new person after a shower! Therefore:
비누(soap) makes me 비(be) 누(new)
1d. Example: train
Imagine that you have a problem with locking your keys in the car. This happens often when you drive a car, so you decide to start taking the train. We can make an association for the word ‘train’ by using this story. Let’ highlight a few important words.
기 = sounds like ‘key’ in English
차 = the shortend word for ‘car’ in Korean (from 자동차)
기차 = the word for ‘train’ in Korean
We can make a story for 기차 by talking about the fact that it’s better to ride the train. This is because you know you’ll never have to worry about locking your keys in the car!
I never lock my 기 (key) in the 차 (car) when I ride the 기차 (train)
There you have it–some associations and stories to get you started!
If these stories didn’t stick in your head, you may want to try to make some of your own.
If you did like them, then take a look at our 90 Day Korean Facebook page where we have daily updates with all kinds of useful material to help you learn Korean fast!
2. Peg System
The peg system is a well-known memorization trick to help memorize groups of words.
Take a look at the following list of ten words. Each word rhymes with the number it is associated with.
If we memorize this list, which is easy to do since it rhymes, we can associate new words we learn with the corresponding number really easily. All we need to do is make a picture in our head.
Go ahead and memorize the list of ten words now! Do it as a rhyme: One, bun. Two, shoe. Three, tree. And so on.
Ready to move on?
The beauty of this list of words is that they rhyme with the number so they are easy to recall and they are words that are easy to picture in our heads.
Imagine we were memorizing the following list of five random English words:
We could associate each with the rhyme we just memorized.
The best way to do this is to make a strange and memorable image in your head. If you’re a visual learner anyway, this will be easy!
2a. Making Pictures in Your Head
1. a bun with a telephone in it instead of a hot dog. Yummy!
2. a shoe with a big pink piece of bubble gum stuck to the bottom.
3. an ax chopping down a big tree.
4. a door someone kicked that has a large hole in it.
5. a person’s head that got stuck in a bee’s hive! Ouch!
Take a moment and make these pictures in your head now. Try it!
These are very memorable images that we can’t easily forget, and all we did is associate the new words to the word pairing list we memorized before.
Did you make the pictures in your head? Well then it should be easy to recall the new list of five words now. Go ahead and try!
What was number 1? How about 2, 3, 4 and 5?
Ready to check? Let’s get to it.
Use the rhyme to assist you.
2b. Check Your Answers
1. One, bun. A bun with a phone in it. Telephone!
2. Two, shoe. A shoe with a piece of gum on it. Gum!
3. Three, tree. An ax chopping down a tree. Ax!
4. Four, door. A door with a hole in it. Hole!
5. Five, hive. A head inside a beehive. Head!
And that’s not all. You could now recall these in any order, not just in the order they were presented.
For example, if asked what number 4 on that list was, you could easily remember it.
Four, door. Hole!
The associations stick and allow for easily recollection.
By memorizing the first rhyming list of 10 words, you create your own “peg” system for memorizing future vocabulary words. The words and numbers are the “pegs” that you can associate new words to.
Remember, this is just one way to memorize new words in the beginning, when appropriate. You won’t always rely on this. After using the new words you’re learning a few times in sentences and conversations, it will be second nature to use them and you won’t need this technique.
When associating new Korean words with the list, you have to get creative with the system since you are using a new language and words that have no meaning to you in the beginning.
But there are a few techniques you can use to do so effectively, and the best way is to find words in English that sound similar to the Korean words or words that you could easily link up in your mind. There’s a large number of borrowed words from English in Korean that you can use to build your vocabulary quickly.
Let’s take a look at an example of how we could use this to learn the numbers 1-10 in Korean.
2c. How to Memorize Korean Numbers Quickly and Easily
Recall, the peg system would just act as a reminder of the actual words.
In Korean, you may know that the numbers 1-10 are the building blocks for learning the rest of the numbers. It can be hard to associate them at first.
Here is the list:
To do this, you may use the following system for example, making these absorb pictures in your mind to help link up the peg system word and an English word that sounds similar to the Korean number word.
1. Eel One, bun.
A picture of a giant electric eel (일) on a hot dog bun.
2. “E” Two, shoe.
A basketball sneaker with a gigantic letter “E” (이) on the side.
3. Same Three, tree.
The silhouette of three identical (same) (삼) tall trees on a hilltop
4. Saw Four, door.
A saw (사) cutting through a door. Think of the horror movie “Saw.”
5. “O” Five, hive.
Honey Nut Cheerios. Os (오) covered in honey from a beehive.
6. Yuk! Six, sticks.
Using sticks to poke at something “yucky” (육) in the forest.
7. Chill Seven, heaven.
Arriving in heaven. A soft wind blows, giving you the chills (칠).
8. Pal Eight, gate.
A good pal (팔) opening the gate for you and patting you on the back as you enter.
9. Goo Nine, vine.
Tarzan swinging on a vine that is covered in goo (구). He falls down into the river.
10. Ship Ten, hen.
A big ship (십) transporting only hens. Imagine the chaos!
Be careful not to use this as pronunciation guide, but rather a compass pointing you in the right direction toward the Korean numbers.
You still need to memorize the number words, but linking them up with the corresponding number can be difficult in the beginning. In other words, you may remember the names, but it’s hard to quickly recall which number is which.
Many people may just memorize the list of numbers 1-10 in order and then when using them in real-life scenarios, need to to count on their hands or think for a while before responding or taking action. You need the preceding number as a cue to recall the next. This is especially troublesome in situations that require a quick response or action, like when paying for goods at the counter in a big lineup, for example.
Using a peg system has many advantages, including being able to recall the numbers in any order instantly. However, feel free to use any method to memorize the words — whatever works best for you! Repetition works just as well if you get to the same result in the end! You can combine these into your flash card vocabulary to accelerate your learning.
You could use this to memorize lists of daily vocabulary or themed vocabulary like the ones in the 90 Day Korean Inner Circle.
3. Word Families
Some words in Korean follow patterns because they are part of the same word family. If you can find the common root word, then you can usually get the gist of what the word means. That means you can memorize lots of Korean words easily!
For example, let’s take a look at the 교 family. Most words that have the 교 syllable in the word are related to “education”. Here are some 교 family words:
교수 = professor
학교 = school
교육 = education
교재 = teaching material
You might also try looking for words that contain 학, which is related to “studying”.
학원 = academy
학점 = grade
학교 = school
학생 = student
Not all of words will fall into word families. However, when you find them, it makes it much easier to learn Korean words fast!
There are other ways to learn Korean fast.
Do you have any ideas about how you could use this system to help make memorizing Korean words easier?