Fruits, Nuts, Vegetables in Korean

various illustrations of fruit

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Ready to learn the names of fruits in Korean? We will cover those, as well as the Korean names for vegetables and nuts.

We’re going to cover the most important words you should learn first, as well as give you some example sentences so you can put them to use.

These words are going to be a key part of your plan if you’re learning Korean or have an interest in Korean culture. The good news is, you already know a lot of these words (we’ll explain how).

That means this lesson is going to be a breeze. Let’s get to it!

various illustrations of fruit

As we cover the fruits, vegetables, and nut vocabulary words, you’ll notice that they’re written in both Hangeul (Korean Alphabet) and in English. The English spelling is just an approximation of the sounds. Your pronunciation will improve significantly if you learn the Korean Alphabet.

Grab your free guide here and learn in about 1 hour.

Fruits in Korean

Here is a list of fruits in Korean. Keep in mind that some of the fruit names will sound very similar to the English word. For example, 레몬 (remon | lemon) sounds just like “lemon”. That’s the beautify of Konglish and Korean loan words: You already know them!

Let’s start off with the word for fruit.

과일 (gwail) = fruit

Berry Fruits

Next, we’ll cover some of the berry fruits. Most of these fruits sound like their English counterparts, except for strawberries and raspberries. Both of those words have Korean double consonants, so make sure you pronounce them correctly.

Fruit in KoreanEnglish
블랙베리 (beullaekberi)blackberry
블루베리 (beulluberi)blueberry
산딸기 (santtalgi)raspberry
크랜베리 (keuraenberi)cranberry
딸기 (ttalgi)strawberry

Citrus Fruits

Here are some of the citrus fruits. The word for “orange” the fruit can also be used for the color. Go here for the complete list of colors in Korean.

Fruit in KoreanEnglish
레몬 (remon)lemon
라임 (raim)lime
오렌지 (orenji)orange
귤 (gyul)tangerine
자몽 (jamong)grapefruit

Other Fruits

And now for the remainder of the fruits. If you want an easy way to remember the Korean word for “apple”, there’s a Korean joke about it that makes it hard to forget.

Fruit in KoreanEnglish
banana
apple
kiwi
망고 (manggo)mango
pear, also called Korean pears or Korean apples
포도 (podo)grapes
파인애플 (painaepeul)pineapple
복숭아 (boksunga)peach
수박 (subak)watermelon
체리 (cheri)cherry
자두 (jadu)plum
살구 (salgu)apricot
감 (gam)persimmon
석류 (seongnyu)pomegranate
멜론 (mellon)melon
올리브 (ollibeu)olive
파파야 (papaya)papaya
코코넛 (kokoneot)coconut
용과 (yonggwa)dragonfruit
대추 (daechu)jujube
승도복숭아 (seungdoboksunga)nectarine

 

various illustrations of fruit

Now that you know the fruit names in Korean, let’s cover the vegetables.

Vegetables in Korean

Vegetables in KoreanEnglish
야채 (yachae)vegetables
샐러드 (saelleodeu)salad
lettuce
양배추 (yangbaechu)cabbage
배추 (baechu)Chinese cabbage
cucumber
tomato
potato
시금치 (sigeumchi)spinach
당근 (danggeun)
carrot
아보카도 (abokado)avocado
옥수수 (oksusu)corn
셀러리 (selleori)celery
애호박 (aehobak)zucchini
무 (mu)radish
껍질콩 (kkeobjilkong)
green beans
bell pepper, paprika
garlic
버섯 (beoseot)mushrooms
beans
부추 (buchu)leek
여주 (yeoju)balsam pear
연근 (yeongeun)lotus root
고구마 (goguma)sweet potato
고추 (gochu)red pepper
생강 (saenggang)ginger
양파 (yangpa)onion
인삼 (insam)ginseng
후추 (huchu)pepper
브로콜리 (beurokolli)broccoli
호박 (hobak)pumpkin
순무 (sunmu)turnip

 

various illustrations of vegetables

Nuts in Korean

Nuts in KoreanEnglish
견과 (gyeongwa)nut
아몬드 (amondeu)almond
땅콩 (ttangkong)peanut
호두 (hodu)walnut
chestnut
잣 (jat)pine nuts
캐슈넛 (kaesyuneot)cashew
해바라기씨 (haebaragissi)sunflower seed

 

people grocery shopping

Example Sentences

Want to know how you can use these fruits, vegetables, and nuts in everyday Korean conversation? Below are some excellent examples.

Use these sentences to practice speaking and reading. You can substitute the words above to practice the vocabulary, or add in some Korean phrases to the mix. They’re useful for understanding Korean grammar better. You might try combining sentences with Korean conjunctions, or try out your newfound Korean particle skills.

For example:

매일 아침에 오랜지주스를 마셔요. (maeil achime oraenjijuseureul masyeoyo.)

I drink orange juice every morning.

 

수박을 몇 조각 먹을래요? (subageul myeot jogak meogeullaeyo?)

How many slices of watermelon do you want to eat?

 

슈퍼에 갈때 오이를 3개 사 주세요. (syupeoe galttae oireul 3gae sa juseyo.)

Please buy 3 cucumbers when you go to the grocery store.

 

제가 가장 좋아하는 과일은 파인애플이에요 (Jega gajang joahaneun gwaireun painaepeurieyo)

My favorite fruit is pineapple.


Now that you've learned all about Korean fruits, nuts, and vegetables, it's time to start making sentences like the examples above! They'll definitely come in handy if you're living in Korea or plan on shopping at a Korean supermarket abroad.

What's your favorite fruit? Is it a banana, orange, pineapple, or peach? Or maybe it's a lemon or plum? Show us your Korean fruit, vegetable, and nut skills in the comments below!

Picture Credit: Bigstock

    11 replies to "Fruits, Nuts, Vegetables in Korean"

    • Avatar for Saakshijoshi Saakshijoshi

      Hay am saakshi. I want to learn Korean but having a big problem in understanding the meaning of the words but I can read what it is written but can’t understand it please help in this.🙏🙏

      • Avatar for 90 Day Korean 90 Day Korean

        Hi, Saakshi! Vocabulary is critical in learning a language! You can search ‘vocabulary’ in this blog and you’ll see a list of words in different themes! Also, writing a journal in Korean is very helpful to improve vocabulary. ^^

      • Avatar for Anonymous Anonymous

        Try to learn Hangul letters, at least a little bit 💜💜

    • Avatar for Aly Sevre Aly Sevre

      Nice list. Really helpful to have a bunch of produce terms all in one place!

      Just one little critique though; 산딸기 doesn’t mean raspberry. Google Translate calls it a raspberry, and they kind of look like a raspberry, but they taste sort of like a bean sprout with a mild floral aftertaste – NOTHING like a raspberry. I get frozen raspberries online on Gmarket, and they’re usually just written 라즈베리. I’ve also heard 산딸기 translated as mountain strawberry, so maybe that would be a good alternative.

      • Avatar for 90 Day Korean 90 Day Korean

        Thanks for this information, Aly! We’ll update the article soon. ^^

    • Avatar for Deepika Deepika

      It’s very useful, but can you please explain the sentence structure also ?

    • Avatar for Divisha Divisha

      Do you have the PDF for the same?😢

      • Avatar for 90 Day Korean 90 Day Korean

        Hi, Divisha! I’m afraid we don’t have pdf file for this lecture. You can copy and paste the words into Word file and convert it to pdf file. ^^

    • Avatar for Mariel Lara Mariel Lara

      I want to learn Korean😍😍😍😍😍😍

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