Do you know how to say the various months in Korean? It’s really important when learning Korean!
Here is the list of months in Korean:
- 일월 (irwol) – January
- 이월 (iwol) – February
- 삼월 (samwol) – March
- 사월 (sawol) – April
- 오월 (owol) – May
- 유월 (yuwol) – June
- 칠월 (chirwol) – July
- 팔월 (parwol) – August
- 구월 (guwol) – September
- 시월 (siwol) – October
- 십일월 (shipirwol) – November
- 십이월 (shipiwol)- December
In this lesson, we’ll explain how to say and write various months in Korean. Then we’ll also show you how to write specific dates and years, such as your date of birth that you can use when writing sentences.
This will be extremely valuable in learning Korean, so you can talk about things like when your favorite holiday is in South Korea, today’s date, as well as make plans on a future date with your Korean friends. You can combine these with the lessons on telling time in Korean and the Korean days of the week as well.
Below, we’ve got a detailed guide on how to put these months to use. Let’s get started learning the months of the year in Korean!
Below is a free PDF guide that you can download and take with you:
In this lesson, we’ll introduce you to all of the words in Hangeul (the Korean alphabet) with romanized English on the side for pronunciation help. We highly recommend learning the Korean alphabet. It will make it easier to learn new vocabulary words and pronounce them properly. This will also help if you’re planning on going to Korea or learning the language.
Months in Korean
There are two main words for how to say “month” in Korean. The first word is 월 (wol) and the second word is 달 (dal). The two words ( 월 | wol and 달 | dal) have some differences in how they are used, which we will illustrate in the below examples further.
The word 월 (wol) is used for describing the date in Korean. 달 (dal), on the other hand, is used to count the months. You can also use it when you want to say something like “this month”, “last month” or “next month”.
Learning to differentiate between the two words for “month” in Korean is going to be quite easy, though. After all, one of the words, 월 (wol), is already attached to each and every month. In fact, as soon as you’ve learned to count in Korean, learning how to say the months of the year in Korean will be an easy task!
Why is that? Because all of the months are assigned a number based on the order of the month. This means months are expressed in Korean using Korean numbers.
Here is a table to illustrate:
|English||Months in Korean||Pronunciation||Hangeul Pronunciation|
If you have not yet learned the numbers in Korean, you can learn them here in this lesson. Learning the numbers will come in handy when you go to Korea or when learning the language.
Because each month goes by numbers, Koreans usually write each month in numeric form. For example, when writing March, you would write it as 3월 (samwol). January would be 1월 (irwol), February is 2월 (2wol), and July is 7월 (chirwol). The table below is how Koreans would usually write the months. The romanized Korean next to the months is there for a guide.
|English||Months in Korean|
This will also be the way to write dates in Korean, which we’ll discuss in a bit.
How to Pronounce the Months
The months are pronounced a bit differently because of the special pronunciation rules in Korean. That’s mainly because the word for months (월 | wol) starts with a ㅇ. That means that the previous syllable’s bottom consonant might change up the pronunciation. For example, 6 월 (유월) and 10 월 (시월) for the months June and October.
Along with the audio, you can see the Hangeul pronunciation in the “Hangeul Pronunciation” column in brackets. Click the lesson audio below to hear how the months are pronounced and repeat them for practice.
|English||Months in Korean||Pronunciation||Hangeul Pronunciation|
You might have noticed that both June and October slightly differ from their designated numbers. That is because the words for six and ten, 육 (yuk) and 십 (sib) respectively, are difficult to pronounce naturally when combined with the word 월 (wol). Therefore, the last consonant has been dropped.
How to Say How Many Months in Korean
When talking about months, it’s quite common to ask the question “how many months”. You can say this question as 몇 개월 or 몇 개월이에요. The difference between the two is the level of politeness.
You’ll say 몇 개월이에요 if you’re asking the question “how many months” to someone you want to be polite such as someone you just met, a person who is older than you or a person who holds a higher social status than you. You can say how many months in Korean as 몇 개월 if you’re speaking to a friend or someone younger than you.
How to say a number of months in Korean
Talking about a period or number of months in Korean can be expressed as:
number of months + 개월
The numbers in the examples above are read using the Sino-Korean numbers. You can read and say them as:
2 개월 – 이 개월 (i gaewol)
3 개월 – 삼 개월 (sam gaewol)
4 개월 – 사 개월 (sa gaewol)
5 개월 – 오 개월 (o gaewol)
How to Write Dates in Korean
As you learn Korean, you might be asking how dates are written in Korean. For the next part of this lesson, let go over how to write full dates. That will allow you to add in the days and years as well. You can write it using this format:
YYYY년 MM월 DD일
YYYY(nyeon) MM(wol) DD(il)
Usually, the year is a 4 digit number, but you may see it written a 2 digit number as well.
Let’s use one of the BTS members’ age for an example. Jungkook’s birthday is on September 1st. He was born on September 1, 1997. We can write it as:
1997년 9월 1일 (cheongubaekgusip chil nyeon guwol iril)
Fun fact: Do you know how old Jungkook from BTS is in Korean age? Here’s how to find out.
Examples of Dates in Korean
Time for practice for what we learned. Write the dates below in Korean using both numbers and words. Use the new vocabulary you learned above for 월 (wol) and 일 (il). Then scroll down to check your answers.
March 1 – Independence Movement Day in Korea
July 1 – Canada Day
January 1 – New Year’s Day
February 14 – Valentine’s Day
April 14 – Black Day
August 15 – Liberation Day in Korea
December 25 – Christmas
October 31 – Halloween
July 4 – US Independence Day
December 26 – Boxing Day
October 9 – Hangeul Day
3월 1일 – 삼월 일일 – March 1 – Independence Movement Day in Korea
7월 1일 – 칠월 일일 – July 1 – Canada Day
1월 1일 – 일월 일일 – January 1 – New Year’s Day
2월 14일 – 이월 십사일 – February 14 – Valentine’s Day
4월 14일 – 사월 십사일 – April 14 – Black Day
8월 15일 – 팔월 십오일 – August 15 – Liberation Day in Korea
12월 25일 – 십이월 이십오일 – December 25 – Christmas
10월 31일 – 시월 삼십일일 – October 31 – Halloween
7월 4일 – 칠월 사일 – July 4 – US Independence Day
12월 26일 – 십이월 이십육일 – December 26 – Boxing Day
10월 9일 – 시월 구일 – October 9 – Hangeul Day
Use these sample sentences as a guide to how to make Korean sentences using months and dates. Additionally, you can mix it up by substituting days of the week in Korean. These are great examples for assisting with learning Korean grammar, such as particles and markers.
제 생일은 4월 7일입니다 (je saengireun sawol chiririmnida)
My birthday is on April 7
여덟달 전에 한국에 왔어요 (yeodeoldal jeone hanguge wasseoyo)
I came to Korea eight months ago
우리 나라의 제일 중요한 휴일은 십이월 말에 있습니다
(uri naraui jeil jungyohan hyuireun sibiwol mare itseumnida)
Our country’s most important holiday is at the end of December
Date in Korean
The word “date” is expressed as 날짜 (naljja). Below are examples of how you’ll use it:
오늘 날짜가 며칠이에요? (oneul naljjaga myeochirieyo)
What is the date today?
약속한 날짜가 언제예요? (yaksokan naljjaga eonjeyeyo)
When is the date we promised?
Year in Korean
There are 2 Korean words used for “year”. You can use 해 (hae) and 년 (nyeon). 해 (hae) is a native Korean word for year while 년 (nyeon) is a Sino-Korean word.
You’ll use the word 해 (hae) for native Korean words such as the following:
새해 (saehae) – new year
그해 (geuhae) – that year
올해 (olhae) – this year
On the other hand, you’ll use 년 (nyeon) with Sino-Korean words. For example:
작년 (jangnyeon) – last year
금년 (geumnyeon) – this year
내년 (naenyeon) – next year
매년 (maenyeon) – every year
Congratulations! You have completed this lesson and successfully learned all the months of the year in Korean. You should now be able to read and write dates. That will help you with understanding Korean culture, as well as what happens in Korean films and series.
After this lesson, you also know the difference between the two words for “month” in Korean. Try writing your favorite date or month in Korean below in the comments, and let us know why that date is important to you.